Optimization of radiation controlled gene expression by adenoviral vectors in vitro.

Institut für Experimentelle Onkologie & Therapieforschung, München, Germany.
Cancer Gene Therapy (Impact Factor: 2.95). 08/2005; 12(7):640-6. DOI: 10.1038/sj.cgt.7700829
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The radiation-inducible EGR-1-promoter has been used in different gene therapy approaches in order to enhance and locally restrict therapeutic efficacy. The aim of this study was to reduce nonspecific gene expression in the absence of irradiation (IR) in an adenoviral vector. Rat rhabdomyosarcoma R1H tumor cells were infected with adenoviral vectors expressing either EGFP or HSV-TK under control of the murine EGR-1 promoter/enhancer. Cells were irradiated at 0-6 Gy. Gene expression was determined by FACS-analysis (EGFP), or crystal violet staining (HSV-TK). The bovine growth hormone polyadenylation signal (BGH pA) was used as insulating sequence and was introduced upstream or upstream and downstream of the expression cassette. Infected R1H cells displayed IR dose-dependent EGFP expression. Cells treated with IR, AdEGR.TK and ganciclovir displayed a survival of 17.3% (6 Gy). However, significant gene expression was observed in the absence of IR with EGR.TK and EGR.EGFP constructs. Introduction of BGHpA upstream or upstream and downstream of expression cassette resulted in decreased nonspecific cytotoxicity by a factor of 1.6-2.3 with minor influence on the induced level of cytotoxicity. Introduction of insulating sequences in adenoviral vectors might allow tighter temporospatial control of gene expression by the radiation-inducible EGR-1 promoter.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PEgr-Endostatin-EGFP plasmid was constructed to investigate its expression properties induced by ionizing irradiation and the effect of pEgr-Endostatin-EGFP gene-radiotherapy on melanoma tumor-bearing mice. The pEgr-Endostatin-EGFP plasmid was transfected into B16 cell line with liposome. The expression property of endostatin was investigated by RT-PCR and that of EGFP was detected by flow cytometry. Tumor-bearing mice were treated by the plasmid injection and 2 Gy X-irradiation of three fractions. Tumor growth was observed for 18 days after treatment. Change of tumor capillary formation was measured with histochemistry assay at the end of the experiment. The expression of GFP in B16 melanoma cells was detected after X-irradiation with 0.05-20 Gy. Time-course studies showed that the expression of GFP in B16 cells reached its peak at 8 h after irradiation with 2 Gy. The injection of pEgr-Endostatin-EGFP recombinant plasmid into the implanted B16 melanoma in C57BL/6J mice followed by local X-irradiation could significantly inhibit tumor growth with inhibition of intratumor micro-vessel density. The inhibitory effect of pEgr-Endostatin-EGFP gene-radiotherapy on the growth of B16 melanoma is correlated with the marked decrease of intratumoral vascularization. The present data point to the potential of an anti-angiogenic approach in gene-radiotherapy of cancer.
    Biophysik 05/2008; 47(2):285-91. · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the last few years some studies have shown the possibility of deriving progenitors with various potential from the amniotic fluid. Amniocentesis is a widely accepted method for prenatal diagnosis; it is associated with low risk both for the mother and the fetus and overcomes the ethical problems commonly associated to other sources. Recently we have described that amniotic fluid stem (AFS) cells, for their ability to differentiate to various lineages, could represent a good candidate for therapeutic applications. For gene therapy purposes human AFS (hAFS) cells should be genetically modified with a therapeutic gene and delivered systematically or injected directly into the tissue of interest. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of transducing hAFS cells with adenoviral vectors and to determine whether transduced stem cells retain the ability to differentiate into different lineages. Herein, we showed that hAFS cells could be efficiently infected by first generation adenovirus vectors. In addition, we demonstrated that infection and expression of two different marker genes, LacZ and EGFP, have no effect on cells phenotype and differentiation potential. In particular, on undifferentiated status, hAFS cells continued to express both the transgenes and stemness cell markers OCT4 and SSEA4. When cultured under mesenchymal conditions, infected cells could still differentiate into osteocytes and adipocytes expressing lineage specific genes. These preliminary findings suggest that adenovirus may be useful to engineer populations of pluripotent stem cells, which may be used in a wide range of gene therapy treatments.
    Stem cells and development 07/2008; 17(5):953-62. · 4.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tumor microenvironment is composed of different cell types including immune cells. Far from acting to eradicate cancer cells, these bone marrow-derived components could be involved in carcinogenesis and/or tumor invasion and metastasis. Here, we describe an alternative approach to treat solid tumors based on the genetic modification of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells with lentiviral vectors. To achieve transgene expression in derivative tumor infiltrating leukocytes and to try to decrease systemic toxicity, we used the stress inducible human HSP70B promoter. Functionality of the promoter was characterized in vitro using hyperthermia. Antitumor efficacy was assessed by ex vivo genetic modification of lineage-negative cells with lentiviral vectors encoding the dominant-negative mutant of the human transforming growth factor-β receptor II (TβRIIDN) driven by the HSP70B promoter, and reinfusion of cells into recipient mice. Subsequently, syngeneic GL261 glioma cells were subcutaneously injected into bone marrow-transplanted mice. As a result, a massive antitumor response was observed in mice harboring TβRIIDN under the HSP70B promoter, without the need of any external source of stress. In summary, this study shows that stem cell-based gene therapy in combination with spatial and temporal control of transgene expression in derivative tumor-infiltrating cells represents an alternative strategy for the development of novel antitumor therapies.
    Cancer gene therapy 03/2012; 19(5):352-7. · 3.13 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 10, 2014