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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to assess the genetic distribution of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease in Campania, a region of Southern Italy. We analyzed a cohort of 197 index cases and reported the type and frequency of mutations for the whole CMT population and for each electrophysiological group (CMT1, CMT2 and HNPP) and for familial and isolated CMT cases. Genetic diagnosis was achieved in 148 patients (75.1%) with a higher success rate in HNPP and CMT1 than CMT2. Only four genes (PMP22, GJB1, MPZ and GDAP1) accounted for 92% of all genetically confirmed CMT cases. In CMT1, PMP22 duplication was the most common mutation while the second gene in order of frequency was MPZ in familial and SH3TC2 in isolated cases. In CMT2, GJB1 was the most frequent mutated gene and GJB1 with GDAP1 accounted for almost 3/4 of genetically defined CMT2 patients. The first gene in order of frequency was GJB1 in familial and GDAP1 in isolated cases. In HNPP, the majority of patients harbored the PMP22 gene deletion. The novelty of our data is the relatively high frequency of SH3TC2 and GDAP1 mutations in demyelinating and axonal forms, respectively. These epidemiological data can help in panel design for our patients' population. © 2014 Peripheral Nerve Society.
    Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System 11/2014; 19(4). DOI:10.1111/jns.12092 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the molecular era, the study of neurogenetic disorders in relict populations provides an opportunity to discover new genes by linkage studies and to establish clearer genotype-phenotype correlations in large cohorts of individuals carrying the same mutation. The Basque people are one of the most ancient populations living in Europe and represent an excellent resource for this type of analysis in certain genetic conditions. Our objective was to describe neurogenetic disorders reported in the Basque population due to the presence of ancestral mutations or an accumulation of cases or both. We conducted a search in PubMed with the terms: Basque, neurogenetic disorders, genetic risk, and neurological disorders. We identified nine autosomal and two recessive disorders in the Basque population attributable to ancestral mutations (such as in PNRP, PARK8, FTDP-TDP43, LGMD2A, VCP, c9ORF72, and CMT4A), highly prevalent (DM1) or involving unique mutations (PARK1 or MAPT). Other genes were reported for their role as protective/risk factors in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease. At the present time, when powerful sequencing techniques are identifying large numbers of genetic variants associated with unique phenotypes, the scrutiny of these findings in genetically homogeneous populations can help analyze genotype-phenotype correlations.
    Annals of Human Genetics 11/2014; 79(1). DOI:10.1111/ahg.12088 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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May 22, 2014