Religiosity/spirituality and pain in patients with sickle cell disease.
ABSTRACT Religion/spirituality has been identified by individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) as an important factor in coping with stress and in determining quality of life. Research has demonstrated positive associations between religiosity/spirituality and better physical and mental health outcomes. However, few studies have examined the influence religiosity/spirituality has on the experience of pain in chronically ill patients. Our aim was to examine three domains of religiosity/spirituality (church attendance, prayer/Bible study, intrinsic religiosity) and evaluate their association with measures of pain. We studied a consecutive sample of 50 SCD outpatients and found that church attendance was significantly associated with measures of pain. Attending church once or more per week was associated with the lowest scores on pain measures. These findings were maintained after controlling for age, gender, and disease severity. Prayer/Bible study and intrinsic religiosity were not significantly related to pain in our study. Positive associations are consistent with recent literature, but our results expose new aspects of the relationship for African American patients. We conclude that religious involvement likely plays a significant role in modulating the pain experience of African American patients with SCD and may be an important factor for future study in other populations of chronically ill pain sufferers.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives This cross-sectional study examines to whom and how fully sickle cell disease (SCD) patients talk to others about sickle cell pain, how helpful it is to talk with others about these pain episodes, and the association between talking to others about sickle cell pain episodes and patients' psychological adjustment and coping strategies in managing the disease. MethodsA convenience sample of 73 African American patients with SCD (30 men and 43 women), were recruited from two SCD clinics at the time of routine medical visits. Most participants had been diagnosed with hemoglobin SS, and they reported an average number of 8.61 pain episodes in the previous 12 months. Participants were asked to whom, how fully, and how helpful it was to talk to significant others about SCD pain episodes experienced in the last 12 months. Patients also completed measures of their psychological adjustment as well as how they would manage a future sickle cell pain episode. Self-report ratings were made on Likert-type scales. ResultsBased on paired samples t-tests, participants talked significantly more fully about their thoughts and feelings concerning pain episodes to God and to their primary medical providers than to either their parents, siblings, or an intimate partner/close friend. Bivariate correlations indicated that amount and helpfulness of talking about pain episodes to God and to parents were significantly associated with better psychological adjustment on selected measures. Also, bivariate correlations indicated that helpfulness in talking with siblings, intimate partner/close friend, and primary medical providers was positively related with willingness to go to a physician in the event of a future pain episode. Conclusions The results document to whom and how helpful it is to talk with others about SCD pain episodes and how SCD disclosure is related to strategies for managing this disease.Pain Medicine 08/2014; 15(9). DOI:10.1111/pme.12535 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: Specialist advanced practice nursing in hemoglobinopathies has a rich historical and descriptive literature. Subsequent work has shown that the role is valued by patients and families and also by other professionals. However, there is little empirical research on the complexity of activity of these services in terms of interventions offered. In addition, the work of clinical nurse specialists in England has been devalued through a perception of oversimplification. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand the complexity of expert nursing practice in sickle cell and thalassemia. Design: The approach taken to modeling complexity was used from common methods in mathematical modeling and computational mathematics. Knowledge discovery through data was the underpinning framework used in this study using a priori mined data. This allowed categorization of activity and articulation of complexity. Result: In total, 8966 nursing events were captured over 1639 hours from a total of 22.8 whole time equivalents, and several data sources were mined. The work of specialist nurses in this area is complex in terms of the physical and psychosocial care they provide. The nurses also undertook case management activity such as utilizing a very large network of professionals, and others participated in admission avoidance work and education of patients' families and other staff. Conclusion: The work of nurses specializing in hemoglobinopathy care is complex and multidimensional and is likely to contribute to the quality of care in a cost-effective way. An understanding of this complexity can be used as an underpinning to establishing key performance indicators, optimum caseload calculations, and economic evaluation.Clinical nurse specialist CNS 09/2014; 28(5):277-282. DOI:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000070 · 0.90 Impact Factor
Journal of Black Psychology 11/2007; 33(4):422-438. DOI:10.1177/0095798407307044 · 0.73 Impact Factor