6-(2-Furanyl)-9H-purin-2-amine derivatives as A2A adenosine antagonists.
ABSTRACT Structure-activity relationships have been investigated through substitutions at the 9-position of the 2-amino-6-(2-furanyl) purine (5) to identify novel and selective A(2A) adenosine receptor antagonists. Several potent and selective antagonists were identified. In particular, compounds 20, 25, and 26 show very high affinity with excellent selectivity.
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ABSTRACT: Novel 2-thioxothiazole derivatives (6-19) as potential adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) antagonists were synthesized. The strong interaction of the compounds (6-19) with A2AR in docking study was confirmed by high binding affinity with human A2AR expressed in HEK293T cells using radioligand-binding assay. The compound 19 demonstrated very high selectivity for A2AR as compared to standard A2AR antagonist SCH58261. Decrease in A2AR-coupled release of endogenous cAMP in treated HEK293T cells demonstrated in vitro A2AR antagonist potential of the compound 19. Attenuation in haloperidol-induced impairment (catalepsy) in Swiss albino male mice pre-treated with compound 19 is evocative to explore its prospective in therapy of PD.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 07/2013; · 2.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) antagonists have emerged as potential drug candidates to alleviate progression and symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), and reduce the dopaminergic side effects. The synthesis of novel compound 8-(furan-2-yl)-3-benzyl thiazolo [5,4-e][1,2,4] triazolo [1,5-c] pyrimidine-2-(3H)-thione (BTTP) was carried out to evaluate the potential of BTTP as A(2A)R antagonist using SCH58261, a standard A(2A)R antagonist. The strong interaction of BTTP with A(2A)R (ΔG=-12.46kcal/mol and K(i)=0.6nM) in silico analysis was confirmed by radioligand receptor binding studies showing high affinity (K(i)=0.004nM) and selectivity with A(2A)R (A(2A)/A(1)=1155-fold). The effect of CGS21680 (selective A(2A)R agonist) induced cAMP concentration (0.1pmol/ml) in HEK293 cells was antagonized with BTTP (0.065pmol/ml) and SCH58261 (0.075pmol/ml). Furthermore, BTTP pre-treated (5, 10 and 20mg/kg) haloperidol-induced mice demonstrated significant attenuation in catalepsy and akinesia. BTTP induced elevation in the striatal dopamine concentration (2.90μM/mg of tissue) was comparable to SCH58261 (2.92μM/mg of tissue) at the dose of 10mg/kg. The results firmly articulate that BTTP possesses potential A(2A)R antagonist activity and can be further explored for the treatment of PD.Neuroscience Letters 01/2011; 488(1):1-5. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Novel bicyclic thiazolopyrimidine compounds (15-26) were synthesized to develop adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) antagonist for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The binding affinity of the compounds (15-26) with A(2A)R was evaluated using radioligand binding assay on isolated membranes from stably transfected HEK293 cells. Selectivity of the compounds towards A(2A)R was assessed by comparing their binding affinities with A(1) receptors (A(1)R). cAMP concentrations were measured from HEK293 cells treated with compounds (15-26) as compared to NECA (A(2A)R agonist). The compound (16) possessed strongest A(2A)R binding affinity (K(i) value=0.0038 nM) and selectivity (737-fold) versus A(1)R. Decrease in A(2A)R-coupled release of endogenous cAMP from HEK293 cells treated with compounds (15-26) is evocative of their potential as A(2A)R antagonist.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 12/2009; 20(3):1214-8. · 2.65 Impact Factor