QSAR analyses of conformationally restricted 1,5-diaryl pyrazoles as selective COX-2 inhibitors: application of connection table representation of ligands.

School of Pharmacy, Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Ring Road, Indore-452017, India. <>
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (Impact Factor: 2.33). 05/2005; 15(8):2097-102. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2005.02.035
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT As a part of our continuing efforts in discerning the structural and physicochemical requirements for selective COX-2 over COX-1 inhibition among the fused pyrazole ring systems, herein we report the QSAR analyses of the title compounds. The conformational flexibility of the title compounds was examined using a simple connection table representation. The conformational investigation was aided by calculating a connection table parameter called fraction of rotable bonds, b_rotR encompassing the number of rotable bonds and b_count, the number of bonds including implicit hydrogens of each ligand. The hydrophobic and steric correlation of the title compounds towards selective COX-2 inhibition was reported previously in one of our recent publications. In this communication, we attempt to calculate Wang-Ford charges of the non-hydrogen common atoms of AM1 optimized geometries of the title compounds. Owing to the partial conformational flexibility of title compounds, conformationally restricted and unrestricted descriptors were calculated from MOE. Correlation analysis of these 2D, 3D and Wang-Ford charges was accomplished by linear regression analysis. 2D molecular descriptor b_single, 3D molecular descriptors glob, std_dim3 showed significant contribution towards COX-2 inhibitory activity. Balaban J, a connectivity topological index showed a negative and positive contribution towards COX-1 and selective COX-2 over COX-1 inhibition, respectively. Wang-Ford charges calculated on C(7) showed a significant contribution towards COX-1 inhibitory activity whereas charges calculated on C(8) were crucial in governing the selectivity of COX-2 over COX-1 inhibition among these congeners.

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