Scientific evaluation of community-based Parkinson's disease nurse specialists on patient outcomes and health care costs.
ABSTRACT To determine the effects of community based nurses specialising in Parkinson's disease on health outcomes and healthcare costs.
Two year randomised controlled trial in 438 general practices in nine randomly selected health authority areas of England.
1859 patients with Parkinson's disease identified by the participating general practices.
Survival, stand-up test, dot in square test, bone fracture, global health question, PDQ-39, Euroqol, and healthcare costs.
After two years 315 (17.3%) patients had died, although mortality did not differ between those who were attended by nurse specialists and those receiving standard care from their general practitioner (hazard ratio for nurse group v control group 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.73 to 1.13). No significant differences were found between the two groups for the stand-up test (odds ratio 1.15, 0.93 to 1.42) and dot in square score (difference -0.7, -3.25 to 1.84). Scores on the global health question were significantly better in patients attended by nurse specialists than in controls (difference -0.23, -0.4 to -0.06), but no difference was observed in the results of the PDQ-39 or Euroqol questionnaires. Direct costs for patient health care increased by an average of pound2658 during the study, although not differentially between groups: the average increase was pound266 lower among patients attended by a nurse specialist (- pound981 to pound449).
Nurse specialists in Parkinson's disease had little effect on the clinical condition of patients, but they did improve their patients' sense of wellbeing, with no increase in patients' healthcare costs.
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ABSTRACT: Quality of care is becoming increasingly important in the field of movement disorders. Patient-centeredness is a crucial element of quality of care, but has thus far received limited attention regarding the treatment of movement disorder syndromes. As a first step towards patient-centered care in Parkinson's disease (PD), we explored the unmet needs of PD patients and their informal caregivers. Eight focus group discussions involving 40 PD patients (mean age 62 years, Hoehn & Yahr stage 1-3) and 20 informal caregivers (mean age 63 years) were organized to explore the experiences in relation to patient-centered care. The key elements of patient-centeredness - as defined by the Picker Institute and the World Health Organization - were used as a framework for discussion and qualitative analysis. Patients and informal caregivers desired more emotional support from healthcare professionals, and wanted more active involvement in clinical decision making, but currently lacked sufficient information to do so. Participants also missed the tools to find professionals with PD expertise. Finally, they identified a lack of multidisciplinary collaboration as a major bottleneck in the current healthcare system. We identified various unmet needs among PD patients and informal caregivers. These joint experiences represent a disease-specific model of patient-centeredness for PD, which can assist healthcare professionals in implementing patient-centered care tailored to the preferences of each individual patient. The present findings will be used to construct a patient-centeredness questionnaire for PD that will clarify the quality of care from a patient's perspective.Parkinsonism & Related Disorders 03/2011; 17(5):360-4. · 3.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The 1997 European Parkinson's Disease Association's (EPDA) Charter for People with Parkinson's disease (PD) outlines their rights in terms of standards of care. It states that all patients have the right to: be referred to a doctor with a special interest in PD; receive an accurate diagnosis; have access to support services; receive continuous care; and take part in managing their illness. Move for Change is a three-part series of pan-European patient surveys based on this Charter. This first survey, consisting of 23 questions, focusing on the initial two points of the Charter, was administered online through the EPDA and affiliated patient associations' Web sites. Of 2149 forms received from 35 European countries, 2068 (96.2%) were analyzed, with the remainder excluded, mainly due to incomplete responses. The majority of patients were diagnosed within 2 years from the onset of first symptoms (82.7%; range, <1 year to ≥5 years). In relation to diagnosis delivery, 45.3% of patients stated that it was 'poor' or 'very poor'. During the 2 years following diagnosis, 43.8% of respondents had never seen a PD specialist. Care was usually overseen by generically active neurologists (92.5%) or family doctors (81.0%), with considerable overlap between the two. These data highlight challenges that patients with PD face during the period of diagnosis, despite introduction of the Charter. These findings can assist healthcare professionals and policy makers in improving the level of care for patients and their families across Europe, and we offer suggestions about how this can be achieved.European Journal of Neurology 10/2011; 19(3):402-10. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease imposes significant demands not only on patients but also on those people living and caring for them, who often have a reduction in their quality of life. The factors that may ameliorate these effects, such as an individual's personality, are not understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to look at the relative contribution of caregiver personality on their quality of life, specifically attempting to identify those traits, which may be protective or harmful. Two hundred and seventy-four caregivers of patients with Parkinson's disease were included in this study. Caregivers were given questionnaires to complete, including the Big Five Inventory and the World Health Organisation Quality of Life BREF version. Univariate correlations demonstrated that depression and anxiety were the largest predictors of reduced quality of life amongst caregivers. However, after controlling for these potential confounds, conscientiousness was associated with enhanced psychological quality of life and openness positively predicted benefits in the environmental domain. Neuroticism was associated with reduced quality of life in the psychological domain. Thus, screening for neuroticism may help identify those caregivers who would benefit from intervention strategies, which could in the long term help reduce the need for nursing home placement of Parkinson's disease patients.BioMed research international. 01/2013; 2013:151872.