Flexible synthesis of enantiomerically pure 2,8-dialkyl-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecanes and 2,7-dialkyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]decanes from propargylic and homopropargylic alcohols.

School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, Department of Chemistry, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 4072.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.56). 05/2005; 70(8):3054-65. DOI: 10.1021/jo0477547
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A new approach to enantiomerically pure 2,8-dialkyl-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecanes and 2,7-dialkyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]decanes is described and utilizes enantiomerically pure homopropargylic alcohols obtained from lithium acetylide opening of enantiomerically pure epoxides, which are, in turn, acquired by hydrolytic kinetic resolution of the corresponding racemic epoxides. Alkyne carboxylation and conversion to the Weinreb amide may be followed by triple-bond manipulation prior to reaction with a second alkynyllithium derived from a homo- or propargylic alcohol. In this way, the two ring components of the spiroacetal are individually constructed, with deprotection and cyclization affording the spiroacetal. The procedure is illustrated by acquisition of (2S,5R,7S) and (2R,5R,7S)-2-n-butyl-7-methyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.5]-decanes (1), (2S,6R,8S)-2-methyl-8-n-pentyl-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane (2), and (2S,6R,8S)-2-methyl-8-n-propyl-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane (3). The widely distributed insect component, (2S,6R,8S)-2,8-dimethyl-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane (4), was acquired by linking two identical alkyne precursors via ethyl formate. In addition, [(2)H(4)]-regioisomers, 10,10,11,11-[(2)H(4)] and 4,4,5,5-[(2)H(4)] of 3 and 4,4,5,5-[(2)H(4)]-4, were acquired by triple-bond deuteration, using deuterium gas and Wilkinson's catalyst. This alkyne-based approach is, in principle, applicable to more complex spiroacetal systems not only by use of more elaborate alkynes but also by triple-bond functionalization during the general sequence.

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