Super Bowls: serving bowl size and food consumption.

JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 29.98). 05/2005; 293(14):1727-8. DOI: 10.1001/jama.293.14.1727
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Because eating behavior can take on an impulsive nature many people experience difficulty with dieting to lose weight. Therefore, an experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of two interventions targeting impulsive processes of eating behavior to facilitate weight loss: Implementation intentions to remind people about dieting versus a go/no-go task to change impulses toward palatable foods. Dieters performed an online training program (four times in 4 weeks) in which they were randomly assigned to a 2 (implementation intention condition: dieting versus control) × 2 go/no-go task (food versus control) design. They formed either dieting implementation intentions (e.g., If I open the fridge I will think of dieting!) or control intentions. Furthermore, they received either a go/no-go task in which behavioral stop signals were presented upon presentation of palatable foods (food go/no-go task), or upon control stimuli. Participants' weights were measured in the laboratory before and after the intervention. Strength of participants' dieting goals and Body Mass Index (BMI; as a proxy for impulsiveness toward food) were examined as moderators. Results showed that both dieting implementation intentions and the food go/no-go task facilitated weight loss. Moreover, dieting implementation intentions facilitated weight loss particularly among people with a strong current dieting goal, whereas the food go/no-go task facilitated weight loss independent of this factor. Instead, the food go/no-go task, but not formation of dieting implementation intentions, was primarily effective among dieters with a relatively high BMI. These results provide the first preliminary evidence that interventions aimed at targeting impulsive eating-related processes via the internet can facilitate weight loss.
    Appetite 03/2014; · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    Papers on Economics and Evolution. 01/2014; 13(04).
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    ABSTRACT: Synopsis The increases in preventable chronic diseases and the rising costs of health care are unsustainable. The US Army Surgeon General's vision to transition from a health care system to a system of health requires the identification of key health enablers to facilitate the adoption of healthy behaviors. In support of this vision, the US Army Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center hosted a workshop in April 2013 titled "Incentives to Create and Sustain Change for Health." Members of government and academia participated to identify key health enablers that could ultimately be leveraged by technology. The key health enablers discussed included (1) public health messaging, (2) changing health habits and the environmental influence on health, (3) goal setting and tracking, (4) the role of incentives in behavior-change intervention, and (5) the role of peer and social networks on change. This report summarizes leading evidence and the group consensus on evidence-based practices with respect to the key enablers in creating healthy behavior change. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2014;44(5):378-387. doi:10.2519/jospt.2014.0301.
    The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy. 05/2014; 44(5):378-387.

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