Associations in breast and colon cancer screening behavior in women.
ABSTRACT Gender-based psychosocial factors appear to influence colorectal cancer (CRC) screening adherence. Given its near-universal acceptance by the public, screening mammography represents a potential "teachable moment" for educating patients about the risk of CRC. Accordingly, to better understand screening behaviors among women, data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) were analyzed to identify potential relationships that would allow interventions to enhance CRC screening.
Women 50 years and older who participated in the BRFSS 2001 survey were included in the analysis. Colorectal, breast, and cervical cancer screening adherence with American Cancer Society guidelines was determined. We identified the association between breast and cervical cancer screening adherence and general health and demographic characteristics with CRC screening adherence.
After adjustment for sociodemographic factors in a multivariate analysis, women 60-69 years old (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.50; P < .01) and 70-79 years old (adjusted OR, 1.39; P < .01), having achieved at least some high school (adjusted OR, 1.62; P < .01) or college (adjusted OR, 2.11; P < .01) education, having health coverage (adjusted OR, 1.67; P < .01) or a personal physician (adjusted OR, 1.60; P < .01), and adherence to screening mammography (adjusted OR, 2.42; P < .01) and Pap smear (adjusted OR, 1.70; P < .01) were independently associated with an increased likelihood CRC screening adherence. Women in self-reported good general health were less likely to have adhered to CRC screening guidelines (adjusted OR, 0.79; P < .01). Current smokers were also less likely to have adhered to CRC screening guidelines than were women who never smoked or formerly smoked (adjusted OR, 0.76; P < .01). Participants who adhered to both mammography and Pap smear guidelines were significantly more likely to adhere to CRC screening (51.5% CRC screening adherence) compared with women who adhered to neither screening test (8.2% CRC screening adherence), with an adjusted OR of 5.67 (P < .001). Participants who adhered to both mammography and Pap smear guidelines were significantly more likely to adhere to CRC screening than were women who adhered to either screening test (38.0% CRC screening adherence) with an adjusted OR of 1.94 (P < .001).
Women with up-to-date mammography and cervical cancer screening were more likely to be up-to-date with CRC screening. Regardless of the increased association between non-CRC-related cancer screening and CRC screening, rates of CRC screening utilization remained low in these otherwise compliant populations.
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ABSTRACT: Breast and cervical cancer account for nearly one-third of new cancer cases and one-sixth of cancer deaths. Cancer, the second leading cause of all deaths in the United States, will claim the lives of nearly 800,000 women this year, which is particularly unfortunate because effective modes of early detection could significantly reduce mortality from breast and cervical cancer. Researchers examined patterns of non-screening among Appalachian women. In-person interviews were conducted with 222 Appalachian women who fell outside of screening recommendations for timing of Pap tests and mammograms. These women, from six Appalachian counties, were participating in a group-randomized, multi-component trial aimed at increasing adherence to cancer screening recommendations. Results indicated that participants who were rarely or never screened for breast cancer were also likely to be rarely or never screened for cervical cancer. In addition, four key barriers were identified as independently and significantly associated with being rarely or never screened for both cervical and breast cancer. An improved understanding of cancer screening patterns plus the barriers underlying lack of screening may move researchers closer to developing effective interventions that facilitate women's use of screening.Women & Health 08/2013; 53(6):552-71. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and initial impact of a church-based educational program to promote breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among Latinas ages 18 years and over. We used a one-group pre-/post-evaluation within a low-income, Latino Baptist church in Boston, MA. Participants completed interviewer-administered assessments at baseline and at the end of the 6-month intervention. Under the guidance of a patient navigator (PN), women from the church (peer health advisors, or PHAs) were trained to deliver evidence-based screening interventions, including one-to-one outreach, small group education, client reminders, and reduction of structural barriers to screening. The PN and PHAs also implemented a health fair, and the pastor integrated health information into regular sermons. At pre-intervention, nearly half of the sample did not meet screening guidelines. The majority (97 %, n = 35) of those who completed the post-intervention assessment participated in intervention activities. Two thirds (67 %) reported talking with the PN or PHAs about health issues. Participation in small group education sessions was highest (72 %), with health fairs (61 %) and goal setting (50 %) also being popular activities. Fourteen percent also reported receiving help from the PN in finding a primary care provider. This study supports the feasibility and acceptability of churches as a setting to promote cancer screening among Latinas.Journal of Cancer Education 10/2013; 29(1). · 0.88 Impact Factor
Article: Cancer Screening Adherence[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cancer is a devastating and debilitating disease. Each year more than 1.4 million people are diagnosed with non-skin cancers and 565,650 lives are lost in the United States . Primary prevention of cancer through behavioral modifications in risk factors such as tobacco use, sun exposure, obesity, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and alcohol consumption can reduce the burden of cancer tremendously [2, 3]. However, beyond the small proportion of cancers linked to genetic mutations, many cancers are sporadic. Early detection via evidence-based screening tests (i.e., secondary prevention) remains an effective option for controlling the burden of cancer .01/2010;