Associations of body mass index with meniscal tears
ABSTRACT Meniscal tears are common knee injuries, with limited reported data on associated factors, let alone risk factors. The objective of this study was to determine whether associations exist between increasing obesity and meniscal tears leading to surgery.
We performed frequency-matched case-control studies using surgical case data for years 1996 to 2000 from administrative databases of two large Utah hospitals; each case was matched with three controls from a large cancer screening trial. Meniscal tear cases (262 male and 282 female) were determined by surgical procedures. Inclusion criteria were age (50 to 79) and body mass index (BMI) (17.00 to 54.99 kg/m(2)). Gender-specific, age-adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for BMI categories from <20.00 to >/=40.00. The referent BMI category was 20.00 to 22.49.
Age-adjusted odds ratios for likelihood of meniscal surgery among those with a BMI of >/=40.00 were 15.0 (95% CI=3.8-59.0) for men, and 25.1 (95% CI=10.3-60.8) for women. All odds ratios for men and women with BMIs of >/=27.50 and >/=25.00, respectively, were statistically significantly elevated.
Significant associations were demonstrated between increasing BMI and meniscal surgeries in both genders, including obese and overweight adults.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to define the clinical features and characteristics of radial tears in the root of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus and to report the outcome of arthroscopic treatment. Arthroscopic meniscus surgery was performed on 7,148 knees. Of those, 722 (10.1%) were radial tear in the root of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus. We reviewed the medical records from a random sample of 67 subjects studied (mean age 55.8 years, range 38-72, mean follow-up period 56.7 months, range, 8-123), which included surgical notes and detailed arthroscopic photographs of 70 knees. All patients were treated with arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. The age distribution, preoperative physical signs, results of magnetic resonance imaging , body mass index, and surgical findings of the study subjects were analyzed and the clinical results were graded with the Lysholm knee scoring scale and a questionnaire. Radiologic evaluation consisted of preoperative and at the latest follow-up radiographs. Eighty percent of the patients were older than 50 years, and 80.6% were either obese or morbidly obese. The mean Lysholm score improved from a preoperative value of 53 to a value of 67. The average preoperative Kellgren-Lawrence radiograph grade was 2 (range 0-3 points), a value that increased to 3 (range 2-4) at the latest follow-up, which showed a significant worsening. The preoperative MRI was reevaluated after the arthroscopic confirmation of a medial meniscal root tear. A tear could be demonstrated in only 72.9% of the patients, the rest of whom demonstrated degeneration and/or fluid accumulation at the posterior horn without a visible meniscal tear. Radial tears in the root of the medial meniscal posterior horn, which may not be visible in about one-third of the preoperative MRI scans, are common. That type of meniscal tear is strongly associated with obesity and older age and is morphologically different from the degenerative tears that often occur in the posterior horn. Partial meniscectomy provides symptomatic relief in most cases but does not arrest the progression of radiographically revealed osteoarthritis.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 07/2008; 16(9):849-54. DOI:10.1007/s00167-008-0569-z · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One of the functions of the meniscus is to distribute contact forces over the articular surfaces by increasing the joint contact areas. It is widely accepted that total/partial loss of the meniscus increases the risk of joint degeneration. A short-term method for evaluating whether degenerative arthritis can be prevented or not would be to determine if the peak pressure and contact area coverage of the tibial plateau (TP) in the knee are restored at the time of implantation. Although several published studies already utilized TP contact pressure measurements as an indicator for biomechanical performance of allograft menisci, there is a paucity of a quantitative method for evaluation of these parameters in situ with a single effective parameter. In the present study, we developed such a method and used it to assess the load distribution ability of various meniscal implant configurations in human cadaveric knees (n=3). Contact pressures under the intact meniscus were measured under compression (1200 N, 0 deg flexion). Next, total meniscectomy was performed and the protocol was repeated with meniscal implants. Resultant pressure maps were evaluated for the peak pressure value, total contact area, and its distribution pattern, all with respect to the natural meniscus output. Two other measures--implant-dislocation and implant-impingement on the ligaments--were also considered. If any of these occurred, the score was zeroed. The total implant score was based on an adjusted calculation of the aforementioned measures, where the natural meniscus score was always 100. Laboratory experiments demonstrated a good correlation between qualitative and quantitative evaluations of the same pressure map outputs, especially in cases where there were contradicting indications between different parameters. Overall, the proposed approach provides a novel, validated method for quantitative assessment of the biomechanical performance of meniscal implants, which can be used in various applications ranging from bench testing of design (geometry and material of an implant) to correct implant sizing.Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 02/2010; 132(2):024501. DOI:10.1115/1.4000407 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare fear of movement in patients with different body mass index (BMI) values referred for rehabilitative care of the knee and to examine whether this fear contributed to self-reported knee-related function. We hypothesized that fear of movement would be elevated with increasing BMI and that fear would correspond with lower self-report knee-related function and lower quality of life (QOL). Retrospective cross-sectional study. Outpatient therapy clinic affiliated with a tertiary care hospital. Patients with knee pain diagnoses (n = 278) were stratified into 4 BMI groups (in < or =25 kg/m(2) nonobese; 25-29.9 kg/m(2) overweight; 30-39.9 kg/m(2) obese; > or =40 kg/m(2) morbidly obese). The Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK; fear of movement), International Knee Documentation (IKDC; knee function), and Short-Form 8 (SF-8; QOL) scores were main outcomes. Pain and straight leg raise test scores also were collected. After review of the medical records, descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were performed, and TSK, QOL, and SF-8 scores were compared. Hierarchical regression modeling determined the contribution of TSK scores to the variance of IKDC scores. Pain scores were greatest in the nonobese group and lowest in the morbidly obese group (7.5 +/- 2.6 points vs 4.8 +/- 3.1 points; P < .05). TSK scores in morbidly obese patients were greater than in nonobese patients (27.1 +/- 7.7 points vs 22.0 +/- 6.6 points; P = .002). The SF-8 mental-physical subscores were 27% to 32% lower in the morbidly obese than nonobese patients (both P < .0001). IKDC scores were lower in the morbidly obese than nonobese patients (32.1 +/- 19.2 points vs 50.9 +/- 23.8 points; P = .0001). Pain severity and TSK scores contributed 28.6% and 7.1% to the variance of the IKDC scores (overall R(2) = 68.6). Morbid obesity is associated with elevated fear of movement. Pain was the strongest predictor of IKDC scores, and fear of movement enhanced this predictive value of the regression model. Despite lower absolute pain severity in the morbidly obese group, this fear may influence IKDC scores in this population. Morbidly obese patients might benefit from rehabilitation activities that reduce fear of movement to optimize participation in rehabilitation activity.PM&R 08/2010; 2(8):713-22. DOI:10.1016/j.pmrj.2010.04.027 · 1.66 Impact Factor