Article

Primary thyroid teratomas in children: a report of 11 cases with a proposal of criteria for their diagnosis.

Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology (Impact Factor: 4.59). 06/2005; 29(5):700-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cervical teratomas are uncommon neoplasms, although the commonest neck tumors in newborns and infants. Presence of associated thyroid tissue often causes speculation as to the site of origin, ie, arising from within thyroid, adjacent soft tissue with secondary involvement of thyroid, or as innate part of a cervical teratoma. Twenty-eight cases of cervical teratomas were identified over 75 years, including 11 cases containing associated thyroid tissue. Clinical history, treatment, and follow-up were reviewed and the neoplasms analyzed regarding location, size, degree of maturity, and relative arrangement of thyroid and other tissues. All thyroid teratomas were congenital, measured 3.5 to 13.5 cm in diameter (median size, 6.9 cm), and were resected. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 45 years (median, 17 years) without recurrent disease in any patient. Neuroglial tissue predominated in 10 of 11 tumors. Intimate admixture of thyroid and other tissues with or without surrounding fibrous pseudocapsule was present in 8 cases, suggesting thyroid as origin. Histologic immaturity in congenital thyroid teratomas is not the harbinger of adverse behavior as seen in adolescents and adults. Intimate intermingling of thyroid tissue with teratoma and presence of a pseudocapsule seem to be the most significant criteria for establishing thyroid as origin.

0 Followers
 · 
127 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The characteristic imaging appearance for a variety of common and/or important pediatric head and neck tumors will be described in this review. These include benign masses such as hemangioma, teratoma, nerve sheath tumors, juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma and malignant masses such as rhabdomyosarcoma, lymphoma, carcinoma and retinoblastoma. This review focuses primarily on soft tissue tumors.
    Pediatric Radiology 04/2010; 40(4):499-509. DOI:10.1007/s00247-009-1526-9 · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although pathology reports of thyroid tissue in ovarian teratomas are abundant, benign teratomas of the thyroid are extremely rare in adolescents and adults. Therefore, their clinical characteristics are still not well characterized. We report a case of a 54-year-old woman with a growing mass in her neck. Left lobectomy of the thyroid revealed it to be a benign thyroid teratoma composed of tissues from all three germ layers. Preoperative evaluations included thyroid ultrasonography (US), ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), and computed tomography (CT) of the neck. A 4.7-cm, well defined, predominantly hypoechoic mass intermingled with hyperechoic internal lesions, was observed in the inferior portion of the left thyroid lobe with substernal extension on US. The posterior extent of the nodule was not visualized due to deep attenuation of the echo. US-guided FNAC failed to reveal any thyroid follicular cells, but suggested a benign cystic tumor. Neck CT hinted at the diagnosis of teratoma because the mass contained large amounts of fat, and the margin was well defined. Extrathyroidal extension and cervical lymphadenopathy were not seen. She underwent left thyroid lobectomy, and histologic examination confirmed benign thyroid teratoma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of benign thyroid teratoma in Korea.
    06/2013; 28(2):144-8. DOI:10.3803/EnM.2013.28.2.144
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the imaging findings of a mature thyroid teratoma in a 5-year-old girl. Nuclear imaging showed a decrease in (99)Tcm uptake in the right lobe of the thyroid gland. CT scan showed a slightly lobulated soft-tissue mass without calcification, fat or cystic components. Histological analysis showed that the tumor was composed of mature neural tissue, cartilaginous, and epithelial elements. This case study provides new insights into the CT appearance of mature thyroid teratomas.
    Pediatric Radiology 11/2010; 40(11):1831-3. DOI:10.1007/s00247-010-1611-0 · 1.65 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
141 Downloads
Available from
May 26, 2014