Intraductal tubular adenoma of the pancreas, pyloric gland type: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 6 cases.
ABSTRACT The intraductal tubular adenoma (ITA), pyloric gland type, of the pancreas is an uncommon benign tumor, akin to the pyloric gland type adenoma of the gallbladder. We report 6 cases of ITA of the pancreas: 3 male and 3 female aged 50 to 79 years (mean, 63.5 years; median, 65 years); all were examined clinicopathologically. Four patients showed no symptoms, but appetite loss and/or general fatigue presented in two. Grossly, all tumors formed a localized polypoid mass protruding into the lumen of the dilated pancreatic duct. Five of the six tumors were found within the main duct, and the other arose within the branch duct of the pancreas. Microscopically, the tumors were composed of closely packed tubular glands resembling pyloric type glands. They were lined by columnar or cuboidal epithelial cells with foci of mild to moderate dysplastic change. In 2 cases, the adjacent pancreas showed foci of intraductal papillary-mucinous adenoma. Histochemically, the tumors largely showed neutral mucin with a lesser amount of acidic mucin made up mainly of sialomucin. Endocrine cells were found in five tumors. Immunohistochemically, all tumors were labeled with M-GGMC-1 and MUC6, whereas MUC1 and MUC2 stains were negative. Pepsinogen II was positive in 5 tumors; thus, the results displayed a pattern of differentiation similar to those of ordinary gastric pyloric or metaplastic pyloric glands. DPC4 expression was maintained in all tumors and p53-positive nuclei were hardly encountered. All patients are alive with no evidence of disease 3 to 10.5 years after surgical resection.
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ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a cystic tumor of the pancreas. The etiology is unknown, but increasing evidence suggests the involvement of several tumorigenesis pathways, including an association with hereditary syndromes. IPMN occurs more commonly in men, with the mean age at diagnosis between 64 and 67 years old. At the time of diagnosis, it may be benign, with or without dysplasia, or frankly malignant with an invasive carcinoma. Tumors arising from the main pancreatic duct are termed main-duct IPMNs, those involving the branch ducts, branch-duct IPMNs. In general, small branch-duct IPMNs are benign, particularly in asymptomatic patients, and can be safely followed. In contrast, main-duct tumors should be surgically resected and examined carefully for an invasive component. In the absence of invasion, patient's survival is excellent, from 94 to 100%. For patients with an IPMN-associated invasive carcinoma, the prognosis overall is better than those with a de novo pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, with a 5-year survival of 40% to 60% in some series. However, no survival advantage can be demonstrated if the invasive component in an IPMN patient is that of the conventional tubular type (versus mucinous carcinoma). Several histomorphologic variants are recognized, although the clinical significance of this "subtyping" is not well defined.11/2012; 2012:893632. DOI:10.6064/2012/893632
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ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 67-year-old man presenting with an isolated 3 cm mass of the pancreatic tail revealed by weight loss. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed. Microscopically, the tumor filled the main pancreatic duct, extending into the smaller ducts and was associated with a minor adenocarcinomatous invasive component. The intraductal tumor showed a cribriform pattern, atypical cells without mucus and a MUC1+, MUC2-, MUC5AC- phenotype, all characteristics of intraductal tubular carcinoma, a new entity described by Japanese authors. The differential diagnosis and its relationship with intraductal papillary-mucinous tumors are discussed.Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 11/2006; 30(11):1301-1304. DOI:10.1016/S0399-8320(06)73538-2 · 1.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To help pathologists avoid misdiagnosis of intraductal neoplasms arising from the pancreatobiliary system, we report two cases that illustrate diagnostic pitfalls. The first is of a 66-year-old man who complained of appetite loss. An early examination led to a diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. Macroscopically, a multilocular cyst without visible mucin was identified. Histologically, the compartments consisted of complex fusion of tubular glands surrounded by dilated pancreatic duct. The neoplasm resembled an acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma. However, the neoplastic cells were negative for trypsin. Thus, the final histopathologic diagnosis was an unusual cystic variant of intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) of the pancreas. The second case is of a 71-year-old man who complained of right upper quadrant pain. Although bile duct stone was suspected, a polypoid nodule was extracted. Histologically, the nodule was composed of tubular glands, with some complex fusion and focal dysplasia, consistent with carcinoma. In addition, lack of MUC-5AC expression led to an initial impression of ITPN of the bile duct. However, the neoplasm showed dysplastic cells based on the columnar cells resembling pyloric glands, indicating the sequential progression. Thus, the final histopathological diagnosis was intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. Because phenotypic variants of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreatobiliary system exist, ITPN and ITPN-mimicking tumor must be carefully differentiated from other intraductal neoplasms.Pathology - Research and Practice 10/2012; 208(11). DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2012.09.002 · 1.56 Impact Factor