Living donor candidates for right hepatic lobe transplantation: Evaluation at CT cholangiography - Initial experience
ABSTRACT To retrospectively evaluate computed tomographic (CT) cholangiography in the depiction of second-order biliary tract anatomy in living donor candidates for right hepatic lobe transplantation.
Human research committee approval was obtained, informed consent was not required, and the study was compliant with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. The authors identified all living right-lobe liver donor candidates who underwent CT cholangiography at their institution between October 2001 (when CT cholangiography was introduced at the institution) and March 2003 (n = 62). There were 41 men (mean age, 36 years; range, 18-55 years) and 21 women (mean age, 40 years; range, 22-55 years). Two readers in consensus rated quality of second-order bile duct visualization at CT cholangiography on a four-point scale (0, not seen; 3, excellent visualization) and noted the presence of variant second-order biliary tract branching anatomy. CT cholangiography findings were compared with those at surgery in subjects who underwent right hepatic lobe retrieval (n = 24). In addition, adult donors who underwent right hepatic lobe retrieval between January 2000 and March 2003 (29 men, mean age, 35 years [range, 20-52 years]; 18 women, mean age, 38 years [range, 23-54 years]) were identified. Numbers of donors who underwent intraoperative cholangiography before and after the introduction of CT cholangiography were compared by using the Fisher exact test.
The mean second-order bile duct score at CT cholangiography was 2.9 (range, 2-3). Of 24 subjects who underwent right lobe retrieval, biliary tract anatomy determined at CT cholangiography was concordant with findings at surgery in 23 (96%). Variant second-order branching anatomy was seen in 13 subjects (54%) at surgery; one variant branch was missed at CT cholangiography. Of 47 subjects who underwent right hepatic lobe retrieval, significantly fewer subjects required conventional intraoperative cholangiography after the introduction of CT cholangiography (three of 24 subjects [12%]) than before (23 of 23 subjects; P < .0001).
CT cholangiography accurately depicts biliary tract anatomy in living donor candidates for right hepatic lobe transplantation, and donors who undergo preoperative CT cholangiography are unlikely to need conventional intraoperative cholangiography.
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ABSTRACT: A correct preoperative definition of the hepatic duct confluence anatomy of right liver living donors is a pivotal step in determining their candidacy for donation and planning the surgery. The purposes of this study are to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional Magnetic Resonance Cholangiography (3D MRCP) when compared with intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in assessing biliary anatomy and to identify imaging characteristics that may help predict the yield of hepatic duct orifices in the right liver graft. Twenty consecutive right liver donors were imaged with 3D MRCP and IOC. The MRCP and IOC findings were compared, and the results confirmed against actual donor anatomy. Three-D MRCP accurately predicted the biliary anatomy in 18 of 20 cases. Specificity and positive predictive value of 3D MRCP in defining normal biliary anatomy was 100%. In 2 patients, 3D MRCP failed to indentify abnormal anatomy. The yield of more than one hepatic duct was associated with: (I) The presence of abnormal biliary anatomy, (II) The length of the main right hepatic duct, and (III) The presence of an acute angle at the confluence of right and left hepatic duct. In conclusion, 3D MRCP reliably represents normal biliary anatomy. The presence of anatomical variations decreases MRCP sensitivity and makes IOC or duct probing a necessary tool for accurately performing the transection of the right hepatic duct.02/2013; 2(1):7-13. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2304-3881.2012.11.01
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ABSTRACT: Living donor liver transplantation is increasingly being used to help compensate for the increasing shortage of cadaveric liver grafts. However, the extreme variability of the hepatic vascular and biliary systems can impede this surgical procedure. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the role of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the evaluation of anatomical biliary variants in potential living donors for liver transplantation.Methods The study included 20 liver donors in pre-operative assessment before liver transplantation. MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) was performed for all donors.ResultsThe study included 20 donors (16 men and 4 women) ranging in age from 29 to 52 years. 16 (80%) donors demonstrate normal biliary branching anatomy. One donor has trifurcation biliary branching pattern (5%). Two donors have their right posterior ducts draining into the left hepatic duct (10%). One donor has low insertion of the right posterior duct into the main duct (5%).ConclusionMR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) provides important information in evaluation of potential living donors for liver transplantation.03/2012; 43(1):53–57. DOI:10.1016/j.ejrnm.2011.12.002
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ABSTRACT: Introduction Detailed knowledge of the biliary anatomy is essential to avoid complications in Living Donor Liver Transplantation. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal dosage of Gd-EOB-DTPA for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiography (ce-MRC) with reference to contrast-enhanced CT cholangiography (ce-CTC). Materials and Methods 30 potential living liver donors (PLLD) underwent both ce-CTC and ce-MRC. Ten candidates each received single, double or half-dose Gd-EOB-DTPA. Ce-MRC images with and without inversion recovery pulses (T1w+/-IR) were acquired 20-30 minutes after intravenous contrast injection. Image data was quantitatively and qualitatively reviewed by two radiologists based on a on a 5-point scale. Data sets were compared using a Mann-Whitney-U-test or Wilcoxon-rank-sum-test. Kappa values were also calculated. Results All image series provided sufficient diagnostic information both showing normal biliary anatomy and variant bile ducts. Ce-CTC showed statistically significant better results compared to all ce-MRC data sets. T1w MRC with single dose Gd-EOB-DTPA proved to be superior to half and double dose in subjective and objective evaluation without a statistically significant difference. Conclusions Ce-MRC is at any dosage inferior to ce-CTC. As far as preoperative planning of bile duct surgery is focused on the central biliary anatomy, ce-MRC can replace harmful ce-CTC strategies, anyway. Best results were seen with single dose GD-EOB-DTPA on T1w MRC + IR.European journal of radiology 05/2014; 83(5). DOI:10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.02.012 · 2.16 Impact Factor