Phase III study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG 2597): induction chemotherapy followed by either standard thoracic radiotherapy or hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy for patients with unresectable stage IIIA and B non-small-cell lung cancer.
ABSTRACT To compare once-daily radiation therapy (qdRT) with hyperfractionated accelerated radiation therapy (HART) after two cycles of induction chemotherapy.
Eligible patients were treatment naive, and had stage IIIA and B unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0/1, and normal organ function. Induction chemotherapy consisted of two cycles of carboplatin area under time-concentration curve 6 mg/mL . min plus paclitaxel 225 mg/m2 on day 1. RT consisted of arm 1 (qdRT), 64 Gy (2 Gy/d), versus arm 2 (HART), 57.6 Gy (1.5 Gy tid for 2.5 weeks). A total of 388 patients were needed to detect a 50% increase in median survival from 14 months of qdRT to 21 months of HART; accrual was not achieved and the study closed prematurely.
Of 141 patients enrolled, 83% were randomly assigned after chemotherapy to qdRT (n = 59) or HART (n = 60). Median survival was 20.3 and 14.9 months for HART and qdRT, respectively (P = .28). Overall response was 25% and 22% for HART and qdRT, respectively (P = .69). Two- and 3-year survival was 44% and 34% for HART, and 24% and 14% for qdRT, respectively. Grade > or = 3 toxicities included esophagitis in 14 v nine patients, and pneumonitis in 0 v 6 patients for HART and qdRT, respectively. Any subsequent trials of the HART regimen must address the issues that led to early closure, including slow accrual, logistics of HART, mucosal toxicity, and the fact that concurrent chemoradiotherapy now seems more effective than sequential treatment.
After two cycles of induction chemotherapy with carboplatin-paclitaxel, HART is feasible with an acceptable toxicity profile. Although statistical significance was not achieved and the study closed early, there was a positive statistical trend suggesting a survival advantage with the HART regimen.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background Cure of lung cancer is impossible without local tumour control. This can be compromised by accelerated repopulation of tumour cells during radiotherapy and chemotherapy. A strategy to minimise accelerated repopulation might improve local control. We investigated whether concurrent chemo-radiotherapy could be given safely over four weeks. Methods We conducted a randomised phase II trial in which patients with inoperable Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) received a radical radiation dose over four weeks rather than conventional fractionation. Treatment was given either sequentially or concurrently with three to four cycles of cisplatinum and vinorelbine. 130 patients with inoperable stage III NSCLC and PS 0-1 were randomised to receive cisplatinum and vinorelbine with either sequential or concurrent chemo-radiation using 55 Gy in 20 fractions over four weeks. The primary end-point was treatment related mortality. Secondary end-points were toxicity and survival. Findings Treatment related mortality was: 2.9% (exact 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36–10.2%) and 1.7% (exact 95% CI 0.043–9.1%) for the Concurrent and Sequential group respectively; relative risk (RR) 1.25; (95% CI 0.55, 2.84). Toxicity was similar between arms; grade 3 or worse oesophagitis was 8.8% versus 8.5%; RR 1.02 (95% CI 0.58, 1.79). OS HR was 0.92; 95% CI (0.60–1.39; p = 0.682). The 2 year overall survival rates were: 50% versus 46%; RR 1.06 (95% CI 0.77, 1.46) for Concurrent versus Sequential. Interpretation A strategy to minimise the effects of accelerated repopulation using accelerated hypofractionated radiotherapy with chemotherapy is feasible, and reasonably safe for patients with stage III NSCLC. The reported two year survival is promising and suggests that a four week regime of radiotherapy should be compared with conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in an adequately powered randomised controlled phase III trial.European Journal of Cancer 10/2014; 50(17). DOI:10.1016/j.ejca.2014.07.009 · 4.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Definitive radiotherapy plays a major role in the treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA NSCLC). After the impact of RT dose for lung cancer was established, a number of trials were structured with the aim of better local control and overall survival by either dose escalation or shortening the total treatment time through conventional/altered fractionation, even in combination with chemotherapy (CT) and other targeted agents. In spite of the increased number of these studies, the optimal dose or fractionation still remains to be determined. Another aspect questioned is the incorporation of these higher doses and shorter treatment times with chemotherapy or targeted agents. This review summarises the results of significant trials on dose and altered fractionation in the treatment of LA-NSCLC with an emphasis on possible future perspectives.Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics 12/2014; 31(4):278-85. DOI:10.5152/balkanmedj.2014.14496 · 0.17 Impact Factor
Revue des Maladies Respiratoires Actualites 09/2013; 5(5):513-518. DOI:10.1016/S1877-1203(13)70449-X