Article

Prevalence of indoor tanning use in Minnesota, 2002

University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota, United States
Archives of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 4.31). 05/2005; 141(4):523-4. DOI: 10.1001/archderm.141.4.523
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: IMPORTANCE Indoor tanning is a known carcinogen, but the scope of exposure to this hazard is not known. OBJECTIVE To summarize the international prevalence of exposure to indoor tanning. DATA SOURCES Studies were identified through systematic searches of PubMed (1966 to present), Scopus (1823 to present), and Web of Science (1898 to present) databases, last performed on March 16, 2013. We also hand searched reference lists to identify records missed by database searches and publicly available data not yet published in the scientific literature. STUDY SELECTION Records reporting a prevalence of indoor tanning were eligible for inclusion. We excluded case-control studies, reports with insufficient study information, and reports of groups recruited using factors related to indoor tanning. Two independent investigators performed searches and study selection. Our search yielded 1976 unique records. After exclusions, 161 records were assessed for eligibility in full text, and 88 were included. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS Two independent investigators extracted data on characteristics of study participants, inclusion/exclusion criteria, data collection format, outcomes, and statistical methods. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to summarize the prevalence of indoor tanning in different age categories. We calculated the population proportional attributable risk of indoor tanning in the United States, Europe, and Australia for nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and melanoma. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Ever and past-year exposure to indoor tanning. RESULTS The summary prevalence of ever exposure was 35.7% (95% CI, 27.5%-44.0%) for adults, 55.0% (33.0%-77.1%) for university students, and 19.3% (14.7%-24.0%) for adolescents. The summary prevalence of past-year exposure was 14.0% (95% CI, 11.5%-16.5%) for adults, 43.1% (21.7%-64.5%) for university students, and 18.3% (12.6%-24.0%) for adolescents. These results included data from 406 696 participants. The population proportional attributable risk were 3.0% to 21.8% for NMSC and 2.6% to 9.4% for melanoma, corresponding to more than 450 000 NMSC cases and more than 10 000 melanoma cases each year attributable to indoor tanning in the United States, Europe, and Australia. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Exposure to indoor tanning is common in Western countries, especially among young persons. Given the large number of skin cancer cases attributable to indoor tanning, these findings highlight a major public health issue.
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of melanoma is rising steadily around the world, with varying mortality trends among different populations. Particularly, incidence rates among young adults, below age 40 years, have increased dramatically in the past decades. In young adults, the gender predominance is switched, with the highest incidence occurring in young women. Multiple risk factors are associated with higher risk of developing melanoma. Intermittent sunlight exposure and use of tanning beds early in life increase significantly the risk of melanoma. The prevalence of tanning bed use among young women and adolescents is increasing continuously. This trend may be associated with the increase in melanoma incidence among young women. Efforts to implement new active interventions that will increase public awareness of melanoma and the risks of tanning bed use are crucial; regulations on tanning bed use especially among those underage should be implemented.
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    ABSTRACT: Aim Sunbed use can have severe health consequences, e.g. skin cancer, especially for children and adolescents. Therefore, our aim was to quantify how many adolescents use tanning beds despite a legal ban in Germany. In addition, we aimed at identifying characteristics of users and at analyzing reasons for use and user behavior. Subjects and methods The nationwide representative SUN-Study 2012 included a subgroup of 518 minors (14–17 years). Besides calculating the prevalence, we used bivariate statistics to identify user groups and to compare minors with adults in terms of reasons for use, place of last use, and obtained advisory service. Results Overall, 8.7 % of minors had ever used a sunbed; 5.2 % used it during the last 12 months. Out of these, nearly a half was not aware of the legal ban for minors. Users were mainly smokers, had darker skin, and a migration background. Compared to adults, minors were more likely to use unsupervised sunbeds and were less frequently advised by service personnel. Conclusion The data showed that minors use tanning beds, although there is a legal ban in Germany. The circumvention of the ban and the widespread use of unsupervised sunbeds underline the importance of education and further legal requirements.
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