"The data indicates that respondents who felt more strongly that tanned skin was attractive, were also more likely to have used tanning beds at least once before. This finding is similar to other studies, suggesting that that appearance related motivations are strong factors for tanning bed use [5,17,31,32]. For instance, in Switzerland, 92% of the respondents indicated that "appearance" was the major motivation to use tanning beds . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
The suntanning industry has grown up over the last decade in Europe, mainly because tanned skin is considered socially desirable and attractive. Because of the potential negative impact of artificial tanning on public health, this study was to investigate tanning bed use behaviour, UV related risk perception and beliefs about tanning in the German population.
In 2007, a representative telephone survey was carried out among 1501 German residents aged 14 years and older.
More than one fourth (28%) of the German population have used tanning beds at least once before in their lifetime. High-frequency tanning behaviour, i.e. using tanning beds more than 10 times per year, were recorded for 11%. Men and women aged 18 to 44 years and young women under the age of 18 used tanning beds more frequently (>10 times per year). Tanning bed use was positively related to appearance and lifestyle related beliefs as well as to the perception that tanned skin is healthy.
This analysis indicates that tanning bed use is common in Germany. The positive relationships of appearance and health related beliefs with tanning bed use are of great concern. The results indicate underlying misconceptions about the positive effect of artificial UV radiation compared to natural UV radiation particular for high-frequency tanners. The data shows the importance as well as the limitations for risk communication in its current effort to inform effectively about the dangers of artificial UV radiation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim
Sunbed use can have severe health consequences, e.g. skin cancer, especially for children and adolescents. Therefore, our aim was to quantify how many adolescents use tanning beds despite a legal ban in Germany. In addition, we aimed at identifying characteristics of users and at analyzing reasons for use and user behavior.
Subjects and methods
The nationwide representative SUN-Study 2012 included a subgroup of 518 minors (14–17 years). Besides calculating the prevalence, we used bivariate statistics to identify user groups and to compare minors with adults in terms of reasons for use, place of last use, and obtained advisory service.
Overall, 8.7 % of minors had ever used a sunbed; 5.2 % used it during the last 12 months. Out of these, nearly a half was not aware of the legal ban for minors. Users were mainly smokers, had darker skin, and a migration background. Compared to adults, minors were more likely to use unsupervised sunbeds and were less frequently advised by service personnel.
The data showed that minors use tanning beds, although there is a legal ban in Germany. The circumvention of the ban and the widespread use of unsupervised sunbeds underline the importance of education and further legal requirements.
Journal of Public Health 10/2013; 21(5). DOI:10.1007/s10389-013-0570-y · 2.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minnesota and Massachusetts require parental permission, for persons younger than 16 or 18 years of age, respectively, for indoor tanning.
This report examines business practices and characteristics associated with sales of indoor tanning to underage girls.
Fifteen-year-old girls tried to purchase an ultraviolet tanning session in 200 indoor tanning businesses in the Minneapolis-St Paul and Boston areas without parental consent. Business characteristics were recorded. Later, businesses were interviewed by telephone about their facilities and practices.
Eighty-one percent of businesses sold a session to an underaged buyer on at least one of two tries. Illegal purchases did not differ by state. Businesses least likely to sell were larger, dedicated to indoor tanning, required employee certification, and had a minimum age of sale for their business. However, businesses in each of these categories still sold tanning sessions to underaged adolescents at 44% to 62% of the visits. Employees who requested parental consent or age identification almost never sold a session.
Businesses in Minnesota and Massachusetts only were included.
Minnesota and Massachusetts laws specifying a minimum age of sale for indoor tanning are ineffective.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 01/2007; 55(6):962-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jaad.2006.06.036 · 4.45 Impact Factor
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