Predicting in-hospital falls: development of the Scott and White Falls Risk Screener

Scott and White Memorial Hospital and Clinic, Temple, Tex, USA.
Journal of nursing care quality (Impact Factor: 1.39). 01/2005; 20(2):128-33. DOI: 10.1097/00001786-200504000-00007
Source: PubMed


Falling is the most common hospital accident, and up to 15% of fallers sustain a serious injury. This study focused on developing a simple, practical fall risk screener using routine admission and daily in-hospital stay data. A case-control design was used. Logistic regression identified individual characteristics associated with an increased risk of a fall. Four variables were identified: history of falls, ambulation assistance, disoriented, and bowel control problems, creating a fall risk model with 70% sensitivity and 57% specificity.

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