Correlates of suicide in the older adult population in Quebec.
ABSTRACT This study was undertaken to describe the characteristics of adults aged 60 years and over who committed suicide in Quebec in 1998-1999. In this study, 42.6% of the suicide cases presented mental disorders at the time of their death, mainly depression. Sixty-five (65.3%) percent of the suicide cases would have been considered as having a mental health disorder if sub-threshold depression cases were included. Only 27.7% of the cases did not express any idea of death during the 6-month period preceding their suicide. One interesting finding was that 53.5% of the suicide cases consulted a general practitioner or specialist during the 2-week period preceding their death. Our results showed that only 8.1% had a severe level of functional limitations at the time of their death. This result leads us to interpret with caution the conclusion of some studies suggesting that physical frailty is a major causal factor associated with suicide among the elderly.
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ABSTRACT: The issue of male farmers' mental health raises many concerns including high rates of psychological distress and suicide amid the poor uptake of health services among this subgroup. Gender is an important social determinant of health, and this paper provides an overview of connections between farming and masculinities in the context of men's mental health disorders. This scoping review summarises findings drawn from 46 studies to discuss male farmers' mental health disorders, psychosocial interventions and barriers to help-seeking. In providing the review, recommendations are made including the need for an array of study and intervention approaches to advance the mental health and well-being of male farmers and their families.Australian Journal of Rural Health 02/2013; 21(1):3-7. DOI:10.1111/ajr.12008 · 1.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: SUMMARY Among geriatric syndromes, chronic and recurrent depression is salient due to its ravaging effects. Depression is a predisposing factor for chronic diseases and decreases functional status. In the United States, depression alone represents a forty three billion dollar annual expense. Although the prevalence of depression may vary depending on the population studied and the methodology applied, its range is between 10 to 27%. Fatigue, insomnia, and anorexia, in a cyclical fashion, are the milestone symptoms of depression among the elderly. Nevertheless, these symptoms have poor diagnostic specificity, mainly because they may be observed among healthy elders; thus the importance of using reliable screening tools that allow early detection. In order to shed light on this disease, the present article reviews its clinical course and consequences, and describes the use of the geriatric depression scale as the most popular screening instrument for this patient population.
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ABSTRACT: Objective Social relations have become the focus of much research attention when studying depressive symptoms in older adults. Research indicates that social support and being embedded in a network may reduce the risk for depression. The aim of the review was to analyze the association of social relations and depression in older adults. Methods Electronic databases were searched systematically for potentially relevant articles published from January 2000 to December 2012. Thirty-seven studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. ResultsFactors of social relations were categorized into 12 domains. Factors regarding the qualitative aspects of social relations seem to be more consistent among studies and therefore provide more explicit results. Thus, social support, quality of relations, and presence of confidants were identified as factors of social relations significantly associated with depression. The quantitative aspects of social relations seem to be more inconsistent. Cultural differences become most obvious in terms of the quantitative aspects of social relations. Conclusion Despite the inconsistent results and the methodological limitations of the studies, this review identified a number of factors of social relations that are significantly associated with depression. The review indicates that it is needful to investigate social relations in all their complexity and not reduce them to one dimension. Simultaneously, it is important to conduct longitudinal studies because studies with cross-sectional design do not allow us to draw conclusions on causality. Beyond that, cultural differences need to be considered. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 01/2014; 29(1). DOI:10.1002/gps.3971 · 3.09 Impact Factor