Orthotopic liver transplantation for Byler's disease.
ABSTRACT In this study we analyzed the features of 12 patients who underwent liver transplantation for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (Byler's disease [BD]) in view of the technical features of the OLTx, incidence and type of complications, need for retransplantation, as well as patient and graft survivals. BD was the indication in 12 patients of median age 1.32 years and median weight 10 kg. Median follow-up was 670 days. Major surgical complications requiring reintervention occurred in three patients. No thrombosis of the hepatic artery was observed. Infections with positive blood cultures were diagnosed in four patients. One patient had a biliary anastomotic stenosis successfully treated by percutaneous techniques. Four patients had episodes of acute rejection treated with steroids. Two patients were retransplanted, both of whom died in the early postoperative period due to hepatic vein thrombosis and venoenteric fistula. The actuarial patient and graft survival was 83% at 1 year and 83% at 5 years. Split-liver grafts represent an excellent organ supply for these patients, achieving good results with no mortality on the waiting list.
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Article: Metabolic liver disease in children.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to provide essential information for hepatologists, who primarily care for adults, regarding liver-based inborn errors of metabolism with particular reference to those that may be treatable with liver transplantation and to provide adequate references for more in-depth study should one of these disease states be encountered.Liver Transplantation 06/2008; 14(5):713-33. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We studied histological features and long-term outcomes in patients with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 1 (PFIC1) after liver transplantation (LT). Histological findings were correlated with the post-LT course and treatment in 11 recipients with PFIC1. Ages at LT varied from 1 to 18 years (median, 4 years). Macrovesicular steatosis was observed in 8 patients at a median of 60 days post-LT (range, 21-191 days). Severe steatosis progressed to steatohepatitis in 7 patients at a median of 161 days (range, 116-932 days). The patients were followed up for a median of 7.3 years (range, 2.3-16.1 years). Six showed bridging fibrosis, with 2 progressing to cirrhosis. One patient with cirrhosis died because of the rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm 13.6 years post-LT. Post-LT refractory diarrhea was present in all 8 having steatosis. Three without post-LT diarrhea showed no allograft steatosis. Bile adsorptive resin therapy reduced the diarrhea and steatosis. Patients with posttransplant steatosis typically had more severe mutations of the ATPase class I type 8B member 1 (ATP8B1) gene and were more likely to have systemic complications such as pancreatitis. In conclusion, allograft steatosis was present in patients with PFIC1, progressing to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. Because expression of the familial intrahepatic cholestasis 1 gene occurs in several organs, including the small intestine, pancreas, and liver, and it is involved in enterohepatic bile acid circulation, post-LT steatosis may be due to a malfunction of the ATP8B1 product.Liver Transplantation 07/2009; 15(6):610-8. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation has become an accepted treatment for several metabolic liver diseases. With advances in organ transplantation and immunosuppressive strategies, survival rates following liver transplantation are generally excellent. When the primary metabolic defect is hepatic in origin, liver transplantation not only replaces the dysfunctional organ but also cures the underlying metabolic defect. For conditions in which the primary metabolic defect is extrahepatic, liver transplantation is usually performed for hepatic complications, although disease recurrence may occur. This article reviews common metabolic liver diseases treated with liver transplantation in the adult population.Clinics in Liver Disease 06/2007; 11(2):265-81. · 2.82 Impact Factor