Cytotoxic diterpenoids from the roots of Euphorbia ebracteolata.
ABSTRACT Three new diterpenoids, yuexiandajisu D (1), E (2) and F were isolated from the roots of Euphorbia ebracteolata, along with eight known diterpenoids, jolkinolide B (4), jolkinolide A, ent-11alpha-hydroxyabieta-8(14),13(15)-dien-16,12alpha-olide (6), ent-(13S)-hydroxyatis-16-ene-3,14-dione, ent-3beta,(13S)-dihydroxyatis-16-en-14-one, ent-3-oxokaurane-16alpha,17-diol, ent-16alpha,17-dihydroxyatisan-3-one and ent-atisane-3beta,16alpha,17-triol. The structures of all compounds were deduced using spectroscopic methods and confirmed for 1 and 2 by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. A biogenetic pathway for the formation of 1 and 2 is proposed briefly. Cytotoxic activities were evaluated against ANA-1, B 16 and Jurkat tumor cells. Jolkinolide B (4) displayed modest activity on ANA-1, B 16 and Jurkat tumor cells with IC50 values 4.46 x 10(-2), 4.48 x 10(-2), 6.47 x 10(-2) microM, and ent-11alpha-hydroxyabieta-8(14),13(15)-dien-16,12alpha-olide (6) showed significant activity against ANA-1 and Jurkat cells with IC50 values 7.12 x 10(-3) and 1.79 x 10(-2) microM. Compound 1 was found to be slightly active against ANA-1 cells with an IC50 value 2.88 x 10(-1)microM. Structure-activity relationships of isolated compounds are also discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Euphorbia species are widely distributed plants, many of which are used in folk medicine. Over the past twenty years, they have received considerable phytochemical and biological attention. Their diterpenoid constituents, especially those with abietane, tigliane, ingenane skeletons, are thought to be the main toxicant and bioactive factors. In this work, the utility of (13)C-NMR spectroscopy for the structural elucidation of these compounds is briefly discussed.Molecules 01/2009; 14(11):4454-75. · 2.39 Impact Factor