Article

p130Rb2 and p27kip1 cooperate to control mobilization of angiogenic progenitors from the bone marrow.

Department of Molecular Biology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 06/2005; 102(19):6890-5. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0405823102
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neoangiogenesis involves both bone marrow-derived myelomonocytic and endothelial progenitor cells as well as endothelial cells coopted from surrounding vessels. Cytokines induce these cells to proliferate, migrate, and exit the cell cycle to establish the vasculature; however, which cell cycle regulators play a role in these processes is largely unknown. Here, we report that mice lacking the cell cycle inhibitors p130 and p27 show defects in tumor neoangiogenesis, both in xenografts and spontaneously arising tumors. This defect is associated with impaired mobilization of endothelial and myelomonocytic angiogenic progenitors from the bone marrow. This article documents the role of these molecules in angiogenesis and further suggests that cell expansion and mobilization from the bone marrow of angiogenic precursors are separable events.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Anxo Vidal, Jul 06, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
111 Views
  • Drug Discovery Today 09/2005; 10(15):1015-6. DOI:10.1016/S1359-6446(05)03548-8
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During embryogenesis, vascular and hemopoietic cells originate from a common precursor, the hemangioblast. Recent evidence suggests the existence of endothelial precursors in adult bone marrow cells, but it is unclear whether those precursors have a role in tumor neovascularization. In this report, we demonstrate that murine bone marrow contains endothelial progenitors, which arise from a cell with self-renewing capacity, and can integrate into tumor microvasculature, albeit at a very low frequency. A transgenic double-reporter strategy allowed us to demonstrate definitively that tumor bone marrow-derived endothelial cells arise by transdifferentiation of marrow progenitors rather than by cell fusion. Single cell transplants showed that a common precursor contributes to both the hemopoietic and endothelial lineages, thus demonstrating the presence of an adult hemangioblast. Furthermore, we demonstrate that increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A secretion by tumor cells, as well as activation of VEGF receptor-2 in bone marrow cells does not alter the mobilization and incorporation of marrow-derived endothelial progenitors into tumor vasculature. Finally, in human umbilical cord blood cells, we show that endothelial precursors make up only approximately 1 in 10(7) mononuclear cells but are highly enriched in the CD133+ cell population. By ruling out cell fusion, we clearly demonstrate the existence of an adult hemangioblast, but the differentiation of marrow stem cells toward the endothelial lineage is an extremely rare event. Furthermore, we show that VEGF-A stimulation of hemopoietic cells does not significantly alter this process.
    The Journal of Immunology 10/2005; 175(5):2890-9. DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.175.5.2890
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential functional cooperation between p27Kip1 and p130 in vivo, we generated mice deficient for both p27Kip1 and p130. In p27Kip1-/-; p130-/- mice, the cellularity of the spleens but not the thymi is significantly increased compared with that of their p27Kip1-/- counterparts, affecting the lymphoid, erythroid, and myeloid compartments. In vivo cell proliferation is significantly augmented in the B and T cells, monocytes, macrophages, and erythroid progenitors in the spleens of p27Kip1-/-; p130-/- animals. Immunoprecipitation and immunodepletion studies indicate that p130 can compensate for the absence of p27Kip1 in binding to and repressing CDK2 and is the predominant CDK-inhibitor associated with the inactive CDK2 in the p27Kip1-/- splenocytes. The finding that the p27Kip1-/-; p130-/- splenic B cells are hypersensitive to mitogenic stimulations in vitro lends support to the concept that the hyperproliferation of splenocytes is not a result of the influence of their microenvironment. In summary, our findings provide genetic and molecular evidence to show that p130 is a bona fide cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and cooperates with p27Kip1 to regulate hematopoietic cell proliferation in vivo.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 09/2006; 26(16):6170-84. DOI:10.1128/MCB.02182-05