Changing the Energy Density of the Diet as a Strategy for Weight Management

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association (Impact Factor: 3.92). 06/2005; 105(5 Suppl 1):S98-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2005.02.033
Source: PubMed


A growing body of laboratory-based, clinical, and epidemiological data suggests that low-energy-dense diets are associated with better diet quality, lower energy intakes, and body weight. Dietary energy density can be lowered by adding water-rich fruits, vegetables, cooked grains, and soups to the diet, and by reducing the diet's fat content. Low-energy-dense diets can be successfully incorporated into clinical dietetics since they help lower energy intake without reducing food volume and thus help individuals avoid feeling hungry and deprived. There are multiple steps that could be taken by nutrition professionals and food manufacturers to encourage the consumption of low-energy-dense diets. The goal is to develop reduced-calorie eating plans that meet personal food preferences and also provide satisfying food portions. Since using energy density to guide food choices leads to food patterns consistent with dietary guidelines, policy level initiatives should be devised to help ensure that low-energy-dense diets are affordable and accessible to all.

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Available from: Jenny H Ledikwe, Jan 29, 2014
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    • "As a general rule, calorie intake is determined both by nutritional quality and the amount of food eaten. Substantial research has shown that energy density and portion size contribute to explain excess calorie intake (Ello-Martin, Ledikwe, & Rolls, 2005; Kral, Roe, & Rolls, 2004; Rolls, Drewnowski, & Ledikwe, 2005). Indeed, people including low-energy foods in their diet eat fewer calories than those including high-energy foods (Ledikwe et al., 2006). "
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    Food Quality and Preference 03/2015; 40. DOI:10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.07.018 · 2.78 Impact Factor
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    • "Describing the effects of each fibre type is beyond the scope of this review. More generally, a fibre-rich diet is thought to promote satiety and weight management because it will contain foods that are low in energy density, such as fruit and vegetables, which when eaten in the same volume as high energy dense foods are equally as satiating but less energetic (Rolls et al., 2005), indicating that the way in which high fibre foods are digested promotes satiety. Indeed, fibre increases gastric distension, slows the rate of gastric emptying and impacts on satiety hormone release; processes associated with heightened sensations of satiety (Wynne, Stanley, McGowan, & Bloom, 2005). "
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    • "Economic analyses have shown that diets with a lower energy density -i.e. calories provided by whole grains and fresh produce -tend to be associated with higher food costs than calories from refined grains, added sugars, and added fats [30]. Different driver and process indicators have been used to assess food economic accessibility at macro and micro levels. "
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