Liquorice and hypertension.

The Netherlands Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.21). 05/2005; 63(4):119-20.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Glycyrrhetinic acid, the active constituent of liquorice, inhibits renal IIbeta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. This allows cortisol to stimulate mineralocorticoid receptors, which can result in hypertension and hypokalaemia. Treatment options are based on pathophysiological understanding.


Available from: Stan van uum, Mar 01, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: An ultra-fast liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed for targeted analysis of 5 active compounds in licorice for the first time. The sample preparation procedure, chromatographic and mass spectrographic conditions were optimized. By using a Kinetex C18 100A column, the five compounds were separated within 8.0 min by gradient elution using methanol containing 0.1% acetic acid and 0.1% aqueous acetic acid. The precursor and product ions of the analytes were monitored on a hybrid quadrupole/linear ion trap mass spectrometer equipped with a turbo ion spray interface in negative ionization mode (ESI(-)) and were simultaneously characterized and quantified based on the multiple reaction monitoring-information-dependent acquisition-enhanced product ion (MRM-IDA-EPI) mode. All standard calibration curves expressed satisfactory linearity (r ≥ 0.9954) within a relatively wide range. The precision was evaluated by intra- and inter-day tests, which revealed relative standard deviation (RSD) values within the ranges of 1.15-4.56% and 0.81-3.95%, respectively. The recovery assays for the quantified compounds were between 97.33 and 100.4% with RSD values less than 4.27%. The proposed method was demonstrated to be simple, rapid, specific and reliable and was successfully applied for identification and quantification of 5 active compounds in 10 batches of licorice. The results showed that the contents of the 5 compounds in licorice from different sources were widely varied.
    The Analyst 02/2014; 139(8). DOI:10.1039/c3an02209a · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Licorice has been shown to possess cancer chemopreventive effects. However, glycyrrhizin, a major component in licorice, was found to interfere with steroid metabolism and cause edema and hypertension. The roasting process of licorice modifies the chemical composition and converts glycyrrhizin to glycyrrhetinic acid. The purpose of this study was to examine the anti-carcinogenic effects of the ethanol extract of roasted licorice (EERL) and to identify the active compound in EERL.
    Nutrition research and practice 06/2014; 8(3):257-66. DOI:10.4162/nrp.2014.8.3.257 · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/purpose In prior studies, we induced the antimicrobial activity of deglycyrrhizinated licorice root extract (DG-LRE) by inhibiting the growth and biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans UA159. Here, we used clinical strains of mutans streptococci (MS) collected from Koreans to determine the optimal concentration of DG-LRE for oral hygiene products to prevent dental caries. Materials and methods Antimicrobial effects of DG-LRE against 14 clinical strains of MS were evaluated through the minimum inhibitory concentration, minimum bactericidal concentration, time-kill assay, and biofilm-forming assay. Results Minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration values of DG-LRE against the clinical strains of MS ranged from 4 μg/mL to 8 μg/mL and from 8 μg/mL to 16 μg/mL, respectively. Time-kill assay demonstrated that the antimicrobial effects of DG-LRE primarily resulted from bactericidal activity. DG-LRE significantly decreased the biofilm formation of S. mutans ranging from 57.6% to 92.8% at 16 μg/mL. Conclusion These findings reveal that a DG-LRE concentration of 16 μg/mL may be used to prevent dental caries in Koreans.
    Journal of dental sciences 09/2014; 9(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jds.2014.03.005 · 0.47 Impact Factor