Susceptibility of bovine mesenchymal stem cells to bovine herpesvirus 4
ABSTRACT Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) is a gamma herpesvirus with no clear disease association. Previous studies have demonstrated that macrophages can harbour persistent BoHV-4. Since mesenchymal stem cells in bone marrow regulate the differentiation and proliferation of adjacent haematopoietic precursors, such as macrophages, the interaction between BoHV-4 and mesenchymal stem cells was investigated. Primary bovine mesenchymal stem cells were highly permissive to support full replication of BoHV-4. This finding could be considered a new important step in studies on the potential pathogenesis related to BoHV-4.
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- "In the cattle, bone marrow MSCs from iliac crest have been isolated and differentiated into osteocytes and were used for virological experiments (Donofrio et al. 2005). "
ABSTRACT: Currently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are used in veterinary clinical applications. Bone marrow and adipose tissue are the most common sources of stem cells derived from adult animals. However, cord blood which is collected non-invasively is an alternative source of stem cells other than bone marrow and adipose tissue. Moreover, high availability and lower immunogenicity of umbilical cord blood (UCB) haematopoietic stem cells compared to other sources of stem cell therapy such as bone marrow have made them a considerable source for cell therapy, but MSCs is not highly available in cord blood and their immunogenicity is poorly understood. In this study, the cells with spindle morphology from 7 of 9 bovine UCB samples were isolated and cultured. These mesenchymal stromal cells were successfully differentiated to osteocytes, chondrocytes and adipocytes. In addition, Oct-4 and SH3 were determined by RT-PCR assay. It is the first report of isolation, culture, characterization and differentiation of bovine umbilical stem cells.Reproduction in Domestic Animals 03/2010; 46(1):95-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2010.01594.x · 1.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gene transfer into hepatocytes is highly desirable for the long-term goal of replacing deficient proteins and correcting metabolic disorders. Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) based vector capability to transduce rat liver cells in vitro and in vivo was assessed. For the in vitro study, a buffalo rat liver cell line was successfully transduced by BoHV-4 and although did not show toxicity, the immediate early two viral gene was transcribed and cells harboring the intact viral genome could be pharmacologically selected, but no viral replication took place. For the in vivo study, adult male rats were inoculated intraportally and intraparenchimally with a BoHV-4 expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein and liver sections were analyzed through fluorescent microscopy. Although the liver parenchyma could not be transduced, the endothelial layer of the liver vasculature showed a robust transgene expression without toxicity. Successful BoHV-4 based vector transduction of primary cultures of rat hepatocytes suggests that extrinsic factors, and not hepatocytes per se, are the cause of such lack of transducibility. The present study serves as a starting point for study of the use of BoHV-4 based vectors to target gene delivery to vascular endothelial cells.Journal of Virological Methods 10/2006; 136(1-2):126-36. DOI:10.1016/j.jviromet.2006.04.008 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Primary fibroblast-like cells isolated from the peripheral blood of a healthy pig were immortalized by transduction of cells with a replication-defective retrovirus vector expressing the E6/E7 proteins of human papillomavirus type 16 (pLXSN-16E6E7). The immortalized cells grow rapidly in cell culture and exhibit a distinct cell surface phenotype that was positive for CD90, CD44, collagen I, and vimentin and negative for CD14 and MHC II. Additionally, these immortalized blood derived-fibroblast-like cells had the potential to differentiate into osteoblasts and adipocytes in vitro as evidenced by the deposition of calcium, increased alkaline phosphatase activity, upregulated osteogenic and adipogenic marker gene expression, and accumulation of fat droplets in cells when osteogenic (dexamethasone, ascorbic acid, and β-glycerophosphate) or adipogenic supplements (dexamethasone, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, indomethacin, and insulin) were added to the culture. Overall, the results suggest that the immortalized blood-derived fibroblast-like cells exhibit some of the features of mesenchymal precursor cells, which may have implications in tissue repair and remodeling process.In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 08/2009; 45(10):584-91. DOI:10.1007/s11626-009-9231-4 · 1.00 Impact Factor