Treatment for soft tissue sarcoma in childhood and adolescence. Austrian results within the CWS 96 study.
ABSTRACT The aim of the CWS 96 Study was to achieve an optimal treatment in children and adolescents with soft tissue sarcoma (STS) implementing a further refinement of risk-adapted allocation to chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy.
Treatment stratification was based on tumour histology, TNM status, postsurgical stage, localisation and age. Local tumour control was ensured by surgery and risk-adapted radiotherapy.
From 1995 to 2002, 89 patients were registered in Austria. The 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival rates (OS) were 63% +/- 6% and 71% +/- 6%, respectively. 59/89 patients had localised RMS-like (rhabdomayosarcoma) STS (EFS 73% +/- 7%), 14 had localised NON-RMS STS (EFS 54% +/- 16%) and 15 patients had metastatic disease at diagnosis (EFS 33% +/- 12%), 1 patient had fibromatosis. The EFS rates at 3 years in patients with localised RMS-like tumours according to risk group were 92% +/- 8% for low and standard risk (12 patients) and 67% +/- 8% for high risk (47 patients). Favourable primary tumour sites of nonmetastatic RMS-like STS i.e. orbit, head/neck nonparameningeal or genitourinary non-bladder/prostate were diagnosed in 15 patients (1/15 patients died). In 44 patients with unfavourable localisation such as parameningeal, genitourinary bladder/prostate, extremity and others, 7 deceased. The 3 year EFS according to histology in patients with RMS-like STS was 61% +/- 11% for RME (embryonal RMS ) (28 patients) and 71% +/- 15% for RMA (alveolar RMS) (10 patients). The most common treatment failure was local relapse occurring in 21% of patients in the high-risk group.
Risk-adapted individualisation of treatment led to a reduction of chemotherapy in the low and standard risk group without compromising survival. The outcome of RME and RMA was similar in this cohort of patients. These preliminary results after a median observation time of 2.5 years confirm the CWS 96 strategy.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Malignant ectomesenchymoma (MEM) is a soft tissue tumor with heterologous rhabdomyoblastic components believed to arise from pluripotent migratory neural crest cells. To date merely 50 cases have been published and the knowledge about the course of disease and optimal treatment is limited. METHODS: Six patients with MEM were registered 1996-2009. The diagnosis was confirmed according to current criteria. Their treatment and outcome was analyzed. RESULTS: The median age of the three females and three males was 0.6 years (range, 0.2-13.5). The mesenchymal component in all tumors was rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the neural component ganglioneuroblastoma/neuroblastoma (n = 5) and peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor in one case. Five patients presented with localized, one with metastatic disease. All but one patient received multiagent chemotherapy during their initial treatment. The tumors of 4/5 patients with localized MEM were at least grossly resected at best surgery; the patient without gross resection was additionally irradiated. Three of four evaluable tumors responded well to induction chemotherapy. All patients achieved a first complete remission (CR), but three recurrences (two local, one systemic) occurred. The individual with metastatic MEM did not survive, but all five patients with localized MEM are currently alive in CR with a median follow-up of 5 years (range: 2.1-13.7). CONCLUSIONS: Risk-factors and outcome of MEM appear to be comparable with other highly malignant pediatric soft tissue sarcoma when a multimodal treatment strategy including chemotherapy and adequate local treatment is pursued. We propose that treatment of patients with MEM be done according to pediatric protocols similar to other rhabdomyosarcoma-like soft tissue sarcoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 04/2012; · 2.35 Impact Factor