ICP-MS multielemental determination of metals potentially released from dental implants and articular prostheses in human biological fluids
Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, Julián Clavería 8, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 3.44). 07/2005; 382(4):1001-9. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-005-3165-9
A sector field high-resolution (HR)-ICP-MS and an octapole reaction system (ORS)-ICP-MS have been compared for the simultaneous determination of traces of metals (Ti, V, Cr, Co, Ni, and Mo) released from dental implants and articular prostheses in human biological fluids. Optimum sample treatments were evaluated to minimize matrix effects in urine and whole blood. Urine samples were diluted tenfold with ultrapure water, whereas whole blood samples were digested with high-purity nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide and finally diluted tenfold with ultrapure water. In both matrices, internal standardization (Ga and Y) was employed to avoid potential matrix interferences and ICP-MS signal drift. Spectral interferences arising from the plasma gases or the major components of urine and whole blood were identified by (HR)-ICP-MS at 3,000 resolving power. The capabilities of (HR)-ICP-MS and (ORS)-ICP-MS for the removal of such spectral interferences were evaluated and compared. Results indicate that polyatomic interferences, which hamper the determination of such metallic elements in these biological samples, could be overcome by using a resolving power of 3,000. Using (ORS)-ICP-MS, all those elements could be quantified except Ti and V (due to the polyatomic ions 31P16O and 35Cl16O, respectively). The accuracy of the proposed methodologies by (HR)- and (ORS)-ICP-MS was checked against two reference materials. Good agreement between the given values and the concentrations obtained for all the analytes under scrutiny was found except for Ti and V when analyzed by (ORS)-ICP-MS.
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ABSTRACT: A novel, sensitive and selective adsorptive stripping procedure for simultaneous determination of copper, bismuth and lead is presented. The method is based on the adsorptive accumulation of thymolphthalexone (TPN) complexes of these elements onto a hanging mercury drop electrode, followed by reduction of adsorbed species by voltammetric scan using differential pulse modulation. The influences of control variables on the sensitivity of the proposed method for the simultaneous determination of copper, lead and bismuth were studied using the Derringer desirability function. The optimum analytical conditions were found to be TPN concentration of 4.0 microM, pH of 9.0, and accumulation potential at -800 mV vs. Ag/AgCl with an accumulation time of 80 s. The peak currents are proportional to the concentration of copper, bismuth and lead over the 0.4-300, 1-200 and 1-100 ng mL(-1) ranges with detection limits of 0.4, 0.8 and 0.7 ng mL(-1), respectively. The procedure was applied to the simultaneous determination of copper, bismuth and lead in the tap water and some synthetic samples with satisfactory results.Analytical Sciences 08/2006; 22(7):955-9. DOI:10.2116/analsci.22.955 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The potential of chromium to bind to DNA isolated directly from soil microbial communities was investigated in this study. An analytical scheme was developed to distinguish between chromium bound to DNA and its fragments or chromium contained elsewhere in an environmental DNA extract. DNA was extracted from chromium-contaminated soils and purified using DNA clean-up resins. Size-exclusion chromatography was employed due to its advantages in the separation and molecular weight approximation of large biomolecules. It was coupled with two on-line detection systems (spectrophotometric and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric) to study the binding of chromium to DNA or other components in a DNA extract. A collision cell was pressurized with helium to remove diatomic and polyatomic interferents resulting from the chosen mobile phase. Chromium peaks were observed in both the large and small molecular weight regions of the chromatogram; to further confirm that the environmentally extracted DNA contained Cr, the subsequently purified DNA was examined for total Cr using flow injection ICP-MS to accommodate small sample volumes. DNA samples isolated from the two soils examined contained 0.5-0.7 ppb Cr, indicating that DNA isolated directly from a chromium-contaminated soil has chromium bound to the nucleic acids.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 10/2006; 386(1):142-51. DOI:10.1007/s00216-006-0575-2 · 3.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is a growing awareness of the importance of quantitative determinations of speciation parameters of the trace metals Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb in aqueous samples containing chemically heterogeneous humic substances, especially when they are present together, interacting with one another and competing for specific binding sites of the humic substances. Such determinations require fundamental knowledge and understanding of these complex interactions, gained through basic laboratory-based studies of well-characterized humic substances in model solutions. Since the chemical heterogeneity of humic substances plays an important role in the thermodynamics (stability) and kinetics (lability) of trace metal competition for humic substances, a metal speciation technique such as pseudopolarography that can reveal the special, distinctive nature of metal complexation is required, and it was therefore used in this study. A comparison of the heterogeneity parameters (Gamma) for Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) complexes in model solutions of Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) shows that GammaCd>GammaZn>GammaPb>GammaCu, suggesting that SRFA behaves as a relatively homogeneous complexant for Zn(II) and Cd(II), whereas it behaves as a relatively heterogeneous complexant for Pb(II) and an even more heterogeneous complexant for Cu(II) under the experimental conditions used. The order of values of log K* (from the differential equilibrium function, DEF) for the trace metals at pH 5.0 follow the sequence: log K*Cu>log K*Pb>log K*Zn>log K*Cd. These results are in good agreement with the literature values. The results of this work suggest the possibility of simultaneously determining several metals in a sample in a single experiment, and hence in a shorter time than required for multiple experiments.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 05/2007; 388(2):463-74. DOI:10.1007/s00216-007-1185-3 · 3.44 Impact Factor
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