Alpha 1 adrenergic receptor control of renal blood vessels during aging.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, KY 40292, USA.
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 1.56). 05/2005; 83(4):335-42. DOI: 10.1139/y05-015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aging humans and rats have a reduced renal vascular constriction response to stress, change in posture, or exercise. In this study, renal interlobar arteries from 9- (intermediate age) to 15-month-old (aging) male Wistar rats constricted less to alpha-adrenergic agonists than those of 4-month-old (young adult) rats. The reduced contraction to A61603 (alpha 1 A agonist) was similar to that to norepinephrine and phenylephrine. Therefore, it appears that the reduction in constriction is primarily related to alpha 1 A receptor stimulation. GeneChip microarray hybridization analysis of the interlobar arteries with the RAE 230A GeneChip indicated that there were no significant differences in gene expression for alpha 1 A/C, 1B, or 1D receptors between 4-month-old (young adult) and 1-year-old (aging) male Wistar rats. Competitive binding experiments (prazosin) revealed that maximal binding (Bmax, fmol/mg protein) of the alpha 1 receptors of interlobar arteries was reduced 25% by 10 months of age and 50% by 18+ months of age. Alpha 1 receptor-induced arterial constriction and prazosin binding were both down-regulated. The loss of receptor-initiated constriction likely includes down-regulation of maximum agonist binding by alpha 1 adrenergic receptors.

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