Influence of topiramate on olanzapine-related adiposity in women: a random, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine, Inntalklinik, Simbach/Inn, Germany.Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology (Impact Factor: 3.24). 07/2005; 25(3):211-7.
The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of topiramate versus a placebo in the treatment of adiposity in women undergoing olanzapine therapy. We also assessed changes health-related quality of life, the patient's actual state of health, and psychologic impairments. The 10-week, random, double-blind, placebo-controlled study included 43 women who had been treated with olanzapine (mean dose 7.8 +/- 3.6 in the topiramate group and 7.2 +/- 3.1 in the placebo group) and had gained weight as a side effect. The subjects were randomly assigned to topiramate (n = 25) or a placebo (n = 18). Primary outcome measures were weight checks and self-reported changes on the scales of the SF-36 Health Survey, Bf-S Scale of Well-Being, and the Adjective Checklist EWL-60-S. Weight loss was observed and was significantly more pronounced in the topiramate-treated group (difference in weight loss between the 2 groups: 5.6 kg, 95% CI = -8.5, -3.0, P < 0.001). In comparison with the placebo group, significant changes on 7 (7/8) scales of SF-36 Health Survey (all P < 0.001), on all 6 scales of the EWL-60-S, and on the Bf-S were observed in the topiramate-treated subjects after 10 weeks. All patients tolerated topiramate well. Topiramate appears to be a safe and effective agent in the treatment of weight gain that occurred during olanzapine treatment. Significantly positive changes in health-related quality of life, the patient's actual state of health, and psychologic impairments were observed.
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- "Topiramate has also received approval for the prophylaxis of migraine. Other indications for which topiramate may be effective include neuropathic pain syndromes, alcoholism but not necessarily smoking,[2–7] obesity, eating disorders, and drug-induced weight gain. Although efficacy in posttraumatic stress disorder is uncertain, the drug is ineffective in bipolar disorder. "
ABSTRACT: Some patients experience cognitive disturbances with topiramate. A 19-year-old bipolar woman and her 46-year-old mother with paranoid personality disorder both used topiramate (25-50 mg/day) off-label for weight loss. Both women suffer from learning disorders, and both are excessively sensitive to the sedative adverse effects of psychotropic medications. Within days of starting topiramate, the women began to exhibit troublesome word- and phrase-repetition and word substitution, both occurring only in their written expression. The symptoms were associated with mild sedation, persisted during two weeks of topiramate treatment, and remitted days after topiramate was withdrawn. The presence of the learning disorders and the sensitivity to the sedative adverse effects of drugs may explain why cognitive adverse effects, known to occur with topiramate, developed at the low dose of 25-50 mg/day. The proclivity of topiramate to affect language functions and a possible familial vulnerability herein may explain why the women explained similar, language-specific symptoms. An investigation of topiramate-induced cognitive impairments in family members with epilepsy may throw light on the subject.Indian Journal of Psychiatry 07/2010; 52(3):260-3. DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.70986
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is a global epidemic and a health priority, and several psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, are associated with an elevated risk of comorbid obesity. Moreover, persons with psychiatric disorders often have multiple risk factors (e.g., poverty and use of psychotropic medications) for excess weight. Excess weight in turn is associated with serious health consequences, both medical and psychiatric. Mental health care professionals must be familiar with the appropriate screening and treatment strategies for obesity. The authors provide a syn- thesis of the epidemiology, psychiatric and medical consequences, risk factors, and management strate- gies for obesity in psychiatric populations, giving particular consideration to management of the psychiatric patient who experiences psychotropic-associated weight gain. To formulate answers to 10 commonly asked questions about obesity and mental health, the authors conducted a MEDLINE search of all English-language articles published between 1966 and June 2005. The search terms were obesity, overweight, body mass index (BMI), metabolism, bariatric treatment, weight-loss treatment, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, binge-eating disorder, eating disorder, and psychotropic medication. The search was supplemented with a manual review of relevant references.10/2005; 3(4). DOI:10.1176/foc.3.4.511
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ABSTRACT: Borderline personality disorder is a common and severe psychiatric illness. The goal of this study was to determine whether topiramate can influence patients' borderline psychopathology, health-related quality of life, and interpersonal problems. Women meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Structured Clinical Interview II criteria for borderline personality disorder were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to topiramate titrated from 25 to 200 mg/d (n = 28) or placebo (n = 28) for 10 weeks. Primary outcome measures were changes on the Symptom-Checklist, on the SF-36 Health Survey, and on the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems. Body weight and additional side effects were assessed weekly. According to the intent-to-treat principle, significant changes (all P < 0.001) on the somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, and Global Severity Index scales of the Symptom Checklist were observed in the topiramate-treated subjects after 10 weeks (no significant changes on the obsessive-compulsive, depression, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism scales). In the SF-36 Health Survey, significant differences were observed on all 8 scales (all P < 0.01 or P < 0.001). In the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems, significant differences (all P < 0.001) were found in the scales for overly autocratic, overly competitive, overly introverted, and overly expressive (no significant differences in the scales for overly cold, overly subassertive/subservient, overly exploitable/compliant, and overly nurturant/friendly). Weight loss was additionally observed (p < 0.001). Topiramate appears to be a safe and effective agent in the treatment in women with borderline personality disorder. Additional weight loss can be expected.Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 03/2006; 26(1):61-6. DOI:10.1097/01.jcp.0000195113.61291.48 · 3.24 Impact Factor
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