Health status in patients with sub-clinical hypothyroidism.
ABSTRACT Sub-clinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a common disorder. People with this condition may have symptoms which could affect their perception of health. Therefore, the perceived health status of people with SCH was assessed and compared with population-matched norms.
A prospective cross-sectional survey.
Seventy-one adults with SCH, age range 18-64 years were studied. Perceived health status was measured by the Short Form-36 (SF-36) version 2 questionaire, which has been validated in a UK population setting. The SF-36 has eight scales measuring physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role emotional and mental health. Their SF-36 scores were compared with UK normative data after matching for age and sex and are reported as z-scores.
Scores of all eight SF-36 scales were significantly lower in people with SCH compared with the normative population. A negative score (compared with zero of the normative population) indicates worse health status. The most significantly impaired aspects of health status were vitality and role limitations due to physical problems (role physical scale) with z-scores (95% confidence intervals) of -1.01 (-0.74 to -1.29) and -0.73 (-0.43 to -1.04) respectively. Thyroid autoimmunity did not influence the results.
Perceived health status is significantly impaired in people with SCH when compared with UK normative population scores. This needs to be taken into consideration by clinicians when managing patients with this disease.
SourceAvailable from: Jameson Kenneth Hirsch[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Temporal perspective, including views about future goals, may influence motivational processes related to health. In a sample of 101 primary care patients, we examined whether belief in the changeability of the future was related to mental and physical energization and, in turn, to health related quality of life. Participants were working, uninsured primary care patients, who completed self report measures of future orientation, vitality and health related quality of life. Mediation models, covarying age, sex and race/ethnicity, indicate that vitality significantly mediated the association between future orientation and the outcomes of general health, mental health, social functioning, bodily pain, and role limitations due to emotional and physical reasons. Vitality exerted an indirect only effect on the relation between future orientation and physical functioning. Our findings suggest that adaptive beliefs about the future may promote, or allow access to, stores of physical and mental energy and, in turn, may result in better mental and physical health functioning. Individual-level and public health interventions designed to promote future orientation and vitality may beneficially influence quality of life and well-being.Quality of Life Research 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11136-014-0901-7 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Subclinical hypothyroidism (sHT) is a common condition in the general population, the prevalence increases with age, especially in women. An association between sHT and increased coronary heart disease (CHD) and heart failure (HF) risk and mortality has been described. However, this association is far to be established in older people (>65 years), especially in the oldest old (>85 years). Individuals with sHT may experience symptoms that resemble those observed in the overt form of the disease, leading to an impaired quality of life (QoL). Although very old people are frequently frail and potentially more susceptible to the effects of a disease, few studies were designed to assess the effect of sHT on QoL in this subset of population. Interestingly, the serum TSH concentration curve of general population has a skewed distribution with a "tail" toward higher values, which is amplified with aging. Thus, the diagnosis of sHT and the interpretation of its potential effects on CV function and QoL in older people may be a challenge for the clinician. Giving these premises, we reviewed the English scientific literature available on National Library of Medicine (www.pubmed.com) since 1980 regarding hypothyroidism, sHT, elderly, cardiovascular risk, CHD or HF events and mortality, health-related QoL, and LT4 therapy. Consistent results among large prospective cohort studies suggest an age-independent relationship between sHT and HF progression, while an impact of sHT on CHD events and mortality is essentially reported in young adults (aged below 65-70 years) with long-lasting disease. Scanty data are available on QoL of older people with sHT (>65 years) and, generally, no significant alterations are described.Frontiers in Endocrinology 10/2014; 5:153. DOI:10.3389/fendo.2014.00153
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ABSTRACT: Purpose: This paper has attempted to investigate the association between the subclinical thyroid function disorder caused by natural change in thyroid hormones or thyroid remedies and the incidence of CHD. Methods: Data was analyzed of 7,675 women who had undergone health examinations in a hospital in Gyeonggi-do between January 2007 and December 2008. The covariation of the coronary risk factors such as age, BMI, HbA1C, systolic blood pressure, LDL:HDL-cholesterol ratio, CRP, smoking and exercise were analyzed by using logistic regression analysis. Results: A significant increase in serum TSH was observed with higher age (F=26.91, p=.00). In terms of age, the risk of CHD started to gradually increase since the 40s and sharply since the 60s (=113.29, p=.00). The serum TSH was the most significant parameter influencing CHD (B=.12, p=.00). The risk of coronary heart disease was 3.12 times higher in the subclinical hypothyroidism group (OR=3.12) while no significant difference was observed in the subclinical hyperthyroidism group. Conclusion: Subclinical hypothyroidism may be an independent risk factors for CHD. A nurse nursing patients with thyroid disorder should be well informed of their state of subclinical thyroid function disorder and make efforts to extend their health expectancy.01/2010; 22(1).