Long-term control after resection and gamma knife surgery of an intracranial clear cell meningioma: case report.
ABSTRACT Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare variant of meningioma characterized by sheets of polygonal cells with clear cytoplasm, a feature attributable to its high glycogen content. Authors have described its propensity to recur and metastasize despite its benign pathological characteristics. Clinical response to radiation in these reports has varied. The authors present the case of a 7-year-old girl with a large petroclival CCM who underwent a staged subtotal resection and subsequent gamma knife surgery (GKS). Initially, the residual tumor decreased in size, but 6 years later, it had regrown (9 mm in size). A second GKS treatment was performed and the mass completely regressed without further complication. The findings in this case suggest that GKS is a safe and effective adjunct for residual and recurrent CCM after resection. The delayed recurrence also emphasizes the importance of undertaking close follow-up examination after treating this potentially aggressive variant of meningioma.
SourceAvailable from: Jens SchittenhelmChild s Nervous System 01/2012; 28(6):925-31. DOI:10.1007/s00381-011-1669-5 · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intracranial clear cell meningioma (CCM) is very rare and often has an aggressive clinical course. The predilection site of intracranial CCM in children was cerebellopontine angle where represents challenging tumor resection because of the vicinity of brainstem, vertebral artery, and lower cranial nerve. Therefore, special consideration is required for this tumor.We report two cases with intracranial CCM in a family and reviewed the literature concerning pediatric intracranial CCM. Case 1 is a 4-year-old boy with a tumor at the right posterior fossa. Case 2 is an 8-year-old boy with a left basilar region tumor. Gross total resection and subtotal resection was achieved in case 1 and case 2, respectively. Case 1 had no tumor recurrence at 12 months after the operation. Case 2 received cyber-knife radiosurgery (CKS) after subtotal resection at 4 months, and the residual tumor had gradually shrunk. Comprehensive chromosomal number aberrations in both patients were revealed by array-comparative genomic hybridization, and loss of neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) gene was the common genetic abnormality in the two patients.To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report concerned two patients with CCM in a family, and the findings in this article suggest that CKS is a safe and effective adjuvant therapy for residual CCM after operation and NF2 gene mutation plays a role in tumorigenesis of pediatric intracranial CCM.Child s Nervous System 07/2012; DOI:10.1007/s00381-012-1840-7 · 1.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare histological variant of meningioma. CCM has a high recurrence rate and aggressiveness. In this study, we reviewed our experience in the treatment of the lesion. Here we present a series of 15 patients with intracranial CCM. The clinical data were retrieved from the records of our Neurosurgery Department and the patients' prognoses were attained by clinic service and telephone. Immunohistochemistry for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), CD10, and S-100 was done, and the MIB-1 labeling index was calculated in all cases. The 15 patients included eight males and seven females; the mean age was 34.8 years. The most frequent initial symptoms were headache and hearing loss. The most common location was the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) zone. Eleven patients had total removal and four patients underwent subtotal removal. Histological features of atypia were present in different proportions, from 6.7% to 100%, and six cases accorded with atypia. Three tumors showed brain invasion. EMA and vimentin were 100% positive, and CD10 was 100% negative. GFAP was 87% negative and S-100 was 93% negative. The mean follow-up period was 36.7 months. Three patients with brain invasion all recurred and five cases with atypia recurred. In 11 patients with total removal, six patients recurred. In four patients with subtotal removal, three patients recurred. Kaplan-Maier analysis showed that incomplete surgical resection was significantly associated with recurrence (p = 0.001). The MIB-1 labeling index for recurrence was 5.7 ± 2.7% versus 2.8 ± 1.5% for no recurrence (p = 0.036). CCM is a rare subtype of meningioma, with a tendency to present in younger patients and a propensity to recur. Immunohistochemistry plays a vital role in differentiating CCM from other tumors. Brain invasion, atypia and MIB-1 labeling index are likely to predict the recurrence. The extent of resection might be connected with the prognosis.Acta Neurochirurgica 06/2011; 153(9):1769-80. DOI:10.1007/s00701-011-1052-z · 1.79 Impact Factor