Long-term control after resection and gamma knife surgery of an intracranial clear cell meningioma
ABSTRACT Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is a rare variant of meningioma characterized by sheets of polygonal cells with clear cytoplasm, a feature attributable to its high glycogen content. Authors have described its propensity to recur and metastasize despite its benign pathological characteristics. Clinical response to radiation in these reports has varied. The authors present the case of a 7-year-old girl with a large petroclival CCM who underwent a staged subtotal resection and subsequent gamma knife surgery (GKS). Initially, the residual tumor decreased in size, but 6 years later, it had regrown (9 mm in size). A second GKS treatment was performed and the mass completely regressed without further complication. The findings in this case suggest that GKS is a safe and effective adjunct for residual and recurrent CCM after resection. The delayed recurrence also emphasizes the importance of undertaking close follow-up examination after treating this potentially aggressive variant of meningioma.
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ABSTRACT: Clear cell meningioma (CCM) is an uncommon variant of meningioma, which affect younger patients, occur more often in spinal or cerebello pontine locations and shows a higher recurrence rate. Only few case reports have been described in the literature. The study has been undertaken to document the clinicopathological features of nine cases of CCM, operated at All India Institute of Medical Sciences during 1998 to December 2005. Clinical information was retrieved from the records of our Neurosurgery Department. The cases were stained with H&E, periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) with and without diastase. Immunohistochemistry for pancytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and MIB-1 was done in all cases. During a period of 8 years, nine cases of CCM were diagnosed. Age ranged from 10 to 65 years (median age 26.0 years) with female predominance. Most common location was posterior fossa (CP angle). Clinically most of the patients presented with history of headache and features of cranial nerve palsies. The duration of symptoms varied from 3 to 60 months (mean 16.7 and median of 4 months). Radiologically lesions showed homogenous enhancement and were isointense to brain parenchyma. Histopathologic examination revealed tumor cells to be arranged in sheets with clear cytoplasm and monomorphic nuclei. MIB-1 labeling index (LI) ranged from 2 to 12% with a mean of 9%. Follow up varied from 3 to 84 months (median 36 months) and recurrence was noted in two patients after 2 and 3 years of surgery, respectively, despite their low MIB-1 labeling indices. CCM is a rare variant of meningioma with poor outcome. Less than 50 cases have been described in the literature. Low rate of recurrence and recurrence despite their low MIB-1 LI are some of the features, which needs to be documented. Hence, larger number of cases with adequate follow-up data need to be studied further to establish the clinical significance of this variant.Journal of Neuro-Oncology 02/2007; 81(3):315-21. DOI:10.1007/s11060-006-9237-7 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Even though meningiomas are most often benign tumors, they can be locally invasive and can develop in locations that prevent surgical treatment. The molecular and biologic factors underlying meningioma development are only now beginning to be understood. Genetic factors such as mutations in the neurofibromatosis-2 gene and in chromosomes 1, 9, and 10 play important roles in meningioma development and may be responsible for atypical tumors in some cases. Cellular factors such as telomerase activation and tyrosine kinase receptor mutations may also play an important role. Finally, autocrine and paracrine factors including epidermal growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor-1, and fibroblast growth factor have been implicated in the development of some tumors. Although the relationship between the various factors implicated in tumor development is unknown, understanding these factors will be critical in the treatment of malignant or surgically inaccessible tumors.Skull Base Surgery 06/2008; 18(3):173-87. DOI:10.1055/s-2007-1003925 · 0.60 Impact Factor
Article: Intracranial clear-cell meningioma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Intracranial clear-cell meningioma (CCM) is rarely reported in the literature since it has to be distinguished from other subtypes of meningioma. Most of the CCMs are intraspinal, according to the related literature. We report a case of occipital parietal CCM in a 6-year-old child, review all the 35 intracranial CCMs that have been reported since 1995 to present and discuss their clinical, radiological and histopathologic characteristics.Acta Neurochirurgica 04/2009; 151(4):373-8; discussion 378. DOI:10.1007/s00701-009-0236-2 · 1.79 Impact Factor