To avoid the possible confounding effect of population stratification, we employed a discordant sibling study design and a liberalization of the sibling transmission disequilibrium test to confirm the association of the S18Y variant of the ubiquitin carboxi-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) gene with Parkinson's disease (PD). The study included 497 case-control pairs (427 case-unaffected sibling pairs and 70 case-unrelated control pairs). Analyses confirmed a significant inverse association of the UCHL1 S18Y polymorphism with PD overall (OR=0.18, 95% CI=0.05-0.64, p=0.002, recessive model) and in several strata.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A recent meta-analysis observed a greater significant inverse association of the ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) S18Y variant with Parkinson's disease (PD) for Asian (predominantly Japanese) populations compared with Caucasian populations. We performed an independent case-control study in 335 PD and 341 control subjects with data from a Chinese population to investigate the age-of-onset effect of the UCHL1 variant in PD. The Y/Y and Y/S genotypes were less frequent in the PD young-onset group than in controls and the frequency of the Y alleles was higher in young controls compared to young-onset PD (age at examination <or= 65 years; P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis revealed the Y/Y genotype was significantly lower (P = 0.008) in the young-onset PD (Y/Y vs. S/S: odds ratio [OR]: 0.42; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.24, 0.74; S/Y vs. S/S: OR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.41, 1.08) compared with controls, but this difference was not seen for the late-onset PD. Kaplan-Meier analysis carried out on PD subjects demonstrated that the Y/Y genotype was associated with a later onset of PD than Y/S plus S/S genotypes (P = 0.05). We provided an independent confirmation of the protective effect of the UCHL1 S18Y variant (Y/Y genotype) against PD in young Chinese subjects. Further functional studies of the S18Y variant in both cell and animal models will be of interest.
Movement Disorders 10/2006; 21(10):1765-8. DOI:10.1002/mds.21064 · 5.68 Impact Factor
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