Use of ligasure in thyroidectomy procedures: results of a prospective comparative study.
ABSTRACT The thyroidectomy procedure requires many manupulations to achieve prompt hemostasis. This study assessed whether the outcomes of thyroidectomy using the Ligasure electrothermal vessel sealer were comparable with the conventional suture-ligation technique. We prospectively evaluated 58 consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy. Patients were allocated into two groups according to their preference. There were 30 patients in the Ligasure group and 28 patients in the conventional surgery group. Complications, operating time, and hospital stay were compared between the two groups and suture-ligations performed in the Ligasure group were recorded. The age, sex, and indications were similar in the two groups (p > 0.05). Complication rates and hospital stays did not show any difference according to the techniques used. Operating time was shorter in the hemithyroidectomy and total thyroidectomy patients of the Ligasure group (mean +/- SD: 77.38 +/- 13.71 vs. 99.80 +/- 12.53 minutes, p = 0.005; and 102.50 +/- 16.69 vs.128.89 +/- 19.74 minutes, p = 0.010). The mean +/- SD number of suture-ligations for each patient in the Ligasure group was 1.83 +/- 2.12. Thyroid surgery using the Ligasure is safe, and its complication rates are comparable to these found with the conventional surgical technique. Use of the Ligasure during hemithyroidectomy and total tyhroidectomy operations provides a significantly shorter operating time.
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ABSTRACT: Total thyroidectomy makes up the majority of all thyroidectomy cases. Energy-based advanced vessel-sealing devices which were developed in recent years for the control of vascular pedicles allowed significant progress in thyroid surgery. This study is designed to compare the efficiency and safety of the two energy-based vessel-sealing devices (Ligasure™ LF1212 and Harmonic FOCUS(®)) in sutureless thyroidectomy. Two hundred and forty-five consecutive patients underwent sutureless total thyroidectomy. Patients were randomized for the Ligasure™ LF1212 (n = 126) or Harmonic FOCUS(®) (n = 119). The parameters of demographics, surgical indications, morbidity, incision length, duration of operation, weight of specimen, amount of drainage, postoperative pain, hospital stay, and histopathology of specimen were recorded. Mean duration of operation was 37.98 ± 14.98 min (16-92 min) and was significantly shorter for Harmonic FOCUS(®) (p < 0.001). Mean hospital stay was 1.09 ± 0.3 (1-3) days. Morbidity rate was 9.8 % in total, whereas no mortality was observed. In terms of morbidity rates, no significant difference was determined between the two groups (p = 0.476). In both groups, there was no need for extra analgesic application other than the routine given after surgery. According to our experience, sutureless thyroidectomy can be performed with low morbidity rates in secure and efficient way.Updates in surgery. 08/2013;
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ABSTRACT: In recent years, newer tools have been developed and used in thyroid surgery. This study compared patients with multinodular goiter undergoing thyroidectomy using the Harmonic FOCUS™ with patients undergoing the clamp-and-tie technique. Medical records of 268 patients with multinodular goiter undergoing thyroidectomy from December 2006 to July 2011 in two centers in Italy, the Department of Surgery of Pisa and the General Surgery Unit of Grosseto, were prospectively evaluated. Patients were divided into group A (Harmonic FOCUS™ Shear), and group B (clamp-and-tie technique). Patient demographics and specific end points analyzed included age, sex, diagnosis, thyroid gland volume, operative time, complications, need for clips and hemostatic agents, need for suction balloon, postoperative blood loss, and postoperative hospital length of stay. 141 patients were included in group A, and 127 patients were included in group B. The two groups were similar in age, sex ratio, indication for surgery, and thyroid volume. Mean operative time was significantly shorter with the Harmonic FOCUS™ Shear (51.8 min) than with the clamp-and-tie technique (70.9 min). The mean postoperative amount obtained from the suction balloon was similar. Vascular clips were needed significantly more frequently in group A (26.2 %) than in group B (12.5 %), whereas the need for hemostatic agents was significantly reduced in group A (4.2 %) compared with group B (14.9 %). The decision to leave a suction drain at the end of the operation occurred significantly more frequently in group B (96 %) than in group A (78 %). Mean postoperative hospital length of stay was 2.02 days in group A compared with 3.1 days in group B, which was significant. No definitive postoperative complications were documented in either group, except a higher rate, but not statistically significant, of permanent hypoparathyroidism in group B versus Group A. Transient laryngeal nerve injury was similar in both groups, whereas transient hypoparathyroidism occurred more frequently in Group B (4.7 %) than in Group A (2.4 %). Harmonic FOCUS device was significantly associated with lower rate of postoperative transient hypocalcemia, decreased operative time, shorter hospitalization, and lesser need for hemostatic agents and postoperative drain balloon. These results might be considered "indirect" money-saving factors, despite the cost of the device, especially in countries where the cost of thyroidectomy is influenced also by the hospital length of stay.Updates in surgery. 06/2013;
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of thyroidectomy using the Harmonic ACE scalpel (HS) or the LigaSure Precise (LS) instrument in conventional thyroidectomy. A prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed. Between August 2011 and June 2012, 832 patients who required thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid cancer were randomized into groups treated with either the HS or the LS instrument. Operative time and surgical morbidities were analyzed. A total of 320 patients (HS group, N = 164; LS instrument group, N = 156) were randomized for analysis according to the intention-to-treat principle. There were no statistically significant differences in the operative times (HS group versus LS instrument group: 71.93 ± 18.26 versus 75.15 ± 20.13; P = 0.423), postoperative transient hypoparathyroidism (13.4% versus 14.1%; P = 0.858), and permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve injuries between the two groups. In this study, both hemostatic devices were safe and effective in terms of postoperative results and complications without any differences.Journal of Surgical Research 11/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor