Multicenter evaluation of the nitrate reductase assay for drug resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Λίμα, Lima, Peru
Journal of Microbiological Methods (Impact Factor: 2.1). 12/2005; 63(2):145-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2005.03.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The performance of the nitrate reductase assay was evaluated in a multicenter laboratory study to detect resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and streptomycin using a set of coded isolates. Compared with the gold standard proportion method on Löwenstein-Jensen medium, the assay was highly accurate in detecting resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol with an accuracy of 98%, 96.6% and 97.9%, respectively. For streptomycin, discrepant results were obtained with an overall accuracy of 85.3%. The assay proved easy to be implemented in countries with limited laboratory facilities.

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    ABSTRACT: A study was carried out to compare the performance of a commercial method (MGIT) and four inexpensive drug susceptibility methods: nitrate reductase assay (NRA), microscopic observation drug susceptibility (MODS) assay, MTT test, and broth microdilution method (BMM). A total of 64 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were studied. The Lowenstein-Jensen proportion method (PM) was used as gold standard. MGIT NRA, MODS, and MTT results were available on an average of less than 10 days, whereas BMM results could be reported in about 20 days. Most of the evaluated tests showed excellent performance for isoniazid and rifampicin, with sensitivity and specificity values > 90%. With most of the assays, sensitivity for ethambutol was low (62-87%) whereas for streptomycin, sensitivity values ranged from 84 to 100%; NRA-discrepancies were associated with cultures with a low proportion of EMB-resistant organisms while most discrepancies with quantitative tests (MMT and BMM) were seen with isolates whose minimal inhibitory concentrations fell close the cutoff MGIT is reliable but still expensive. NRA is the most inexpensive and easiest method to perform without changing the organization of the routine PM laboratory performance. While MODS, MTT, and BMM, have the disadvantage from the point of view of biosafety, they offer the possibility of detecting partial resistant strains. This study shows a very good level of agreement of the four low-cost methods compared to the PM for rapid detection of isoniazid, rifampicin and streptomycin resistance (Kappa values > 0.8); more standardization is needed for ethambutol.
    Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 08/2006; 101(5):535-42. DOI:10.1590/S0074-02762006000500009 · 1.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MS. Utility of nitrate reductase assay for detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a low resource setting. Biomédica. 2011;31(2). El Comité Editorial de Biomédica ya aprobó para publicación este manuscrito, teniendo en cuenta los conceptos de los pares académicos que lo evaluaron. Se publica anticipadamente en versión pdf en forma provisional con base en la última versión electrónica del manuscrito pero sin que aún haya sido diagramado ni se le haya hecho la corrección de estilo. Siéntase libre de descargar, usar, distribuir y citar esta versión preliminar tal y como lo indicamos pero, por favor, recuerde que la versión impresa final y en formato pdf pueden ser diferentes.
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