Multicenter evaluation of the nitrate reductase assay for drug resistance detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Mycobacteriology Unit, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat, 155, Antwerp, B-2000, Belgium.
Journal of Microbiological Methods (Impact Factor: 2.16). 12/2005; 63(2):145-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2005.03.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The performance of the nitrate reductase assay was evaluated in a multicenter laboratory study to detect resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol and streptomycin using a set of coded isolates. Compared with the gold standard proportion method on Löwenstein-Jensen medium, the assay was highly accurate in detecting resistance to rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol with an accuracy of 98%, 96.6% and 97.9%, respectively. For streptomycin, discrepant results were obtained with an overall accuracy of 85.3%. The assay proved easy to be implemented in countries with limited laboratory facilities.

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of nitrate reductase assay (NRA) as a rapid, reliable and inexpensive method for drug-susceptibility testing (DST) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis against first-line antitubercular drugs, such as rifampicin (RIF), isoniazid (INH), streptomycin (STR), and ethambutol (EMB). In total, 286 isolates were subjected to test by proportion method (PM) and NRA. By comparing the results of NRA with those of the gold standard PM, sensitivities and specificities were 98.4%, 97%, 88.5%, and 94.2% and 100%, 100%, 94%, and 99% for RIF, INH, STR, and EMB respectively. The positive predictive values were 100%, 100%, 95%, and 98% for RIF, INH, STR, and EMB respectively. The negative values were 99%, 98%, 87%, and 96% for RIF, INH, STR, and EMB respectively. The median time of obtaining results was shorter using NRA (10 days) compared to PM (28 days). An excellent agreement was observed between the two phenotypic tests with the K values of 0.98, 0.97, 0.81, and 0.93 for RIF, INH, STR, and EMB respectively. The results demonstrated that NRA is suitable for the early determination of INH and RIF resistance and has the potential to be a useful tool for rapid drug-sensitivity test of M. tuberculosis in resource-constrained settings.
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    ABSTRACT: MS. Utility of nitrate reductase assay for detection of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a low resource setting. Biomédica. 2011;31(2). El Comité Editorial de Biomédica ya aprobó para publicación este manuscrito, teniendo en cuenta los conceptos de los pares académicos que lo evaluaron. Se publica anticipadamente en versión pdf en forma provisional con base en la última versión electrónica del manuscrito pero sin que aún haya sido diagramado ni se le haya hecho la corrección de estilo. Siéntase libre de descargar, usar, distribuir y citar esta versión preliminar tal y como lo indicamos pero, por favor, recuerde que la versión impresa final y en formato pdf pueden ser diferentes.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of a new and accurate method for the detection of isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates using a crystal violet decolourisation assay (CVDA). Fifty-five M. tuberculosis isolates obtained from culture stocks stored at -80ºC were tested. After bacterial inoculation, the samples were incubated at 37ºC for seven days and 100 µL of CV (25 mg/L stock solution) was then added to the control and sample tubes. The tubes were incubated for an additional 24-48 h. CV (blue/purple) was decolourised in the presence of bacterial growth; thus, if CV lost its colour in a sample containing a drug, the tested isolate was reported as resistant. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and agreement for INH were 92.5%, 96.4%, 96.1%, 93.1% and 94.5%, respectively, and 88.8%, 100%, 100%, 94.8% and 96.3%, respectively, for RIF. The results were obtained within eight-nine days. This study shows that CVDA is an effective method to detect M. tuberculosis resistance to INH and RIF in developing countries. This method is rapid, simple and inexpensive. Nonetheless, further studies are necessary before routine laboratory implementation.
    Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 03/2014; · 1.36 Impact Factor