Multiple plaque rupture and C-reactive protein in acute myocardial infarction.
ABSTRACT This study sought to investigate the relationship between multiple plaque ruptures, C-reactive protein (CRP), and clinical prognosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Several studies have demonstrated that ruptured or vulnerable plaques exist not only at the culprit lesion but also in the whole coronary artery in some acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Recent studies have reported that a ruptured plaque at the culprit lesion is associated with elevated CRP, which indicates a poor prognosis in patients with ACS.
We performed intravascular ultrasound in 45 infarct-related arteries and another 84 major coronary arteries in 45 first AMI patients.
Plaque rupture was observed in 21 patients (47%) at the culprit site. Intravascular ultrasound revealed 17 additional plaque ruptures at remote sites in 11 patients (24%). Patients with multiple risk factors were more frequently found in our multiple-plaque rupture patients compared with single-plaque rupture or nonrupture patients (82% vs. 40% vs. 29%, p = 0.01). High-sensitive CRP levels had a positive correlation with the number of plaque ruptures (p < 0.01). All culprit lesions were successfully treated by percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients with multiple plaque rupture showed significantly poor prognosis compared with others (p = 0.01).
Multiple plaque rupture is associated with systemic inflammation, and patients with multiple plaque rupture can be expected to show a poor prognosis. Our results suggest that AMI treatment should focus not only on stabilization of the culprit site but also a systemic approach to systemic stabilization of the arteries.
Article: Relationship between coronary arterial remodeling, fibrous cap thickness and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Thin-capped fibroatheroma (TCFA) is a recognized precursor lesion for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Positive remodeling (PR) is the predominant pattern of arterial remodeling in patients with ACS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between coronary arterial remodeling, fibrous cap thickness and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentration in patients with ACS. The 47 consecutive ACS patients were enrolled in this study. Arterial remodeling of culprit plaque was assessed by intravascular ultrasound, and fibrous cap thickness was measured by optical coherence tomography. The remodeling index (RI) was calculated as lesion divided by the reference external elastic membrane cross-sectional area, and PR was defined as RI >1.05 (PR group). TCFA were observed more frequently in the PR group than in the intermediate and negative remodeling (IR/NR) groups (59% vs 17%, P<0.01). RI was inversely correlated with fibrous cap thickness (r=0.47, P=0.02). hs-CRP levels were higher in the PR group than in the IR/NR groups (0.32 +/-0.26 vs 0.18 +/-0.14 mg/dl, P=0.02). Coronary arterial remodeling, fibrous cap thickness and hs-CRP level in patients with ACS are associated with each other. This result suggests that inflammation simultaneously contributes to both plaque growth and plaque instability.Circulation Journal 05/2009; 73(7):1291-5. · 3.77 Impact Factor
Article: Assessment of coronary atherosclerosis by IVUS and IVUS-based imaging modalities: progression and regression studies, tissue composition and beyond.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality, morbidity and disability in the developed world, predominantly affecting the adult population. In the early 1990s coronary heart disease (CHD) was established as affecting one in two men and one in three women by the age of forty. Despite the dramatic progress in the field of cardiovascular medicine in terms of diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, modest improvements have only been achieved when the reduction of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity indices are assessed. To better understand coronary atherosclerosis, new imaging modalities have been introduced. These novel imaging modalities have been used in two ways: (1) for the characterization of plaque types; (2) for the assessment of the progression and regression of tissue types. These two aspects will be discussed in this review.The international journal of cardiovascular imaging 03/2011; 27(2):225-37. · 2.15 Impact Factor
Article: Serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, amyloid associated protein and N-terminal proBNP levels do not predict reversible myocardial ischaemia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to detect any relationship between serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), serum amyloid-associated protein (SAA) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, and reversible myocardial ischaemia during cardiovascular exercise tests and to determine whether these biomarkers could predict transient myocardial ischaemia. Ninety-six patients (36 women, 60 men, mean age 57 ± 8.5 years) were included in the study. Venous blood samples were taken from patients before and 15 minutes after exercise testing. SAA and hs-CRP were analysed using immunonephelometric assays (Dade-Behring, BN II, Marburg, Germany). NT-proBNP (pg/ml) was determined using the immulite 1 000 chemiluminescence immunoassay system (Siemens Medical Solution Diagnostics, Deerfiled, USA). Forty-eight patients (18 women, 30 men) with positive exercise tests were allocated to the exercise-positive group and 48 (18 women, 30 men) with negative exercise tests were put in the exercise-negative group. Coronary angiography was performed on all patients in the exercise-positive group. There was no difference between the levels of hs-CRP, SAA and NT-pro-BNP before and after exercise testing in both of the exercise groups. Serum levels of hs-CRP, SAA and NT-proBNP could not predict the occurrence of reversible myocardial ischaemia during exercise. Large-scale clinical studies are needed to clarify the status of hs-CRP, SAA and NT-proBNP with exercise.Cardiovascular journal of Africa 04/2013; 22(2):85-9. · 0.77 Impact Factor