This study evaluated the efficacy of using a brief motivational intervention to reduce smoking among adolescent patients treated in a hospital outpatient clinic or Emergency Department. Patients aged 14-19 years (N=85) were randomly assigned to receive either one session of motivational interviewing (MI) or standardized brief advice (BA) to quit smoking. The assessment and intervention were conducted in the medical setting proximal to the patient's medical treatment. Patients were proactively screened and recruited, and were not seeking treatment for smoking. Follow-up assessments were conducted at 1, 3, and 6 months post-intervention. Self-report data indicated that 7-day abstinence rates at 6-month follow-up were significantly higher in the MI group than in the BA group, but this difference was not confirmed biochemically. Self-reported smoking rate (average cigarettes per day) was significantly lower at 1, 3, and 6 months follow-up than it was at baseline. Cotinine levels indicated reduced smoking for both groups at 6 months, but not at 1 month. At 3-month follow-up, only those in MI showed cotinine levels that were significantly reduced compared to baseline. Findings offer some support for MI for smoking reduction among non-treatment-seeking adolescents, but overall changes in smoking were small.
"Research has demonstrated strong effects of motivational interviewing (MI) at reducing smoking (Colby et al., 2005; Peterson, Kealy, & Mann, 2009). Effective brief interventions activate client motivation through increasing change talk—client produced discussion on the benefits of change—and thereby increase readiness to change (Apodaca & Longabaugh, 2009). "
"Research has demonstrated strong effects of motivational interviewing (MI) at reducing smoking (Colby et al., 2005; Peterson et al., 2009). Effective brief interventions activate client motivation through increasing change talk—client produced discussion on the benefits of change—and thereby increase readiness to change (Apodaca & Longabaugh, 2009). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The psychological construct, readiness to change, is established as a central construct within behavioral change
theories such as motivational interviewing (MI). Less is known about the interplay of mechanisms for change
within adolescent treatment populations. Understanding the timing and interactive influence that adolescents'
readiness to stop smoking and peer smoking have on subsequent tobacco use is important to advance intervention
research. Toward this end, we used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) data from an automated
texting smoking intervention randomized controlled trial to model the interactive effects of readiness to stop
smoking and friends smoking on adolescent tobacco use. Two hundred adolescentswere randomized into experimental
treatment or attention control conditions, provided smart phones, and were followed for 6 months.
African American youth represented the majority of the sample. We collected monthly EMA data for 6 months
on friends smoking and readiness to stop smoking as well as survey outcome data.We tested a moderated mediation
model using bias corrected bootstrapping to determine if the indirect effect of treatment on cigarettes
smoked through readiness to stop smokingwas moderated by friends smoking. Findings revealed that readiness
to stop smokingmediated the effects of treatment on cigarettes smoked for those adolescentswith fewer friends
smoking, but not for those with more friends smoking. These results support importance of peer-focused interventions
with urban adolescents and provide target mechanisms for future research.
"When applied to smoking, however, results have been mixed. With teenagers, MI for smoking cessation has reduced cotinine levels but not point-prevalence abstinence at outcome (Colby et al., 2005), and, in a separate study, reduced cigarettes per day, but only in the short-term (Colby et al., 2012). In a small study with adult smokers in a general medical setting, there was no effect of MI on smoking rate (Colby et al., 1998). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Residential treatment for substance use disorders (SUD) provides opportunity for smoking intervention. A randomized controlled trial compared: (1) motivational interviewing (MI) to brief advice (BA), (2) in one session or with two booster sessions, for 165 alcoholics in SUD treatment. All received nicotine replacement (NRT). MI and BA produced equivalent confirmed abstinence, averaging 10% at 1month, and 2% at 3, 6 and 12months. However, patients with more drug use pretreatment (>22days in 6months) given BA had more abstinence at 12months (7%) than patients in MI or with less drug use (all 0%). Boosters produced 16-31% fewer cigarettes per day after BA than MI. Substance use was unaffected by treatment condition or smoking cessation. Motivation to quit was higher after BA than MI. Thus, BA plus NRT may be a cost-effective way to reduce smoking for alcoholics with comorbid substance use who are not seeking smoking cessation.
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