The acquisition of face and person identity information following anterior temporal lobectomy

West Virginia University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Charleston, West Virginia, USA.
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (Impact Factor: 2.96). 06/2005; 11(3):237-48. DOI: 10.1017/S1355617705050290
Source: PubMed


Thirty unilateral anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) subjects (15 right and 15 left) and 15 controls were presented a multitrial learning task in which unfamiliar faces were paired with biographical information (occupation, city location, and a person's name). Face recognition hits were similar between groups, but the right ATL group committed more false-positive errors to face foils. Both left and right ATL groups were impaired relative to controls in acquiring biographical information, but the deficit was more pronounced for the left ATL group. Recall levels also varied for the different types of biographical information; occupation was most commonly recalled followed by city name and person name. In addition, city and person name recall was more likely when occupation was also recalled. Overall, recall of biographical information was positively correlated with clinical measures of anterograde episodic memory. Findings are discussed in terms of the role of the temporal lobe and associative learning ability in the successful acquisition of new face semantic (biographical) representations.

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    • "subjective report; participants are reliably able to distinguish between familiarity and recollection in their recognition test performance, and this produces reliable differences in neural activation as indexed by fMRI [22]. It is not surprising therefore that researchers have considered the separate contribution of recollection and familiarity in TLE [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28]. The consensus is that whereas there is impaired recollection in TLE, familiarity is largely spared. "
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    03/2012; 2012(2090-1348):539567. DOI:10.1155/2012/539567
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    • "After all, this information is what distinguishes " famous " from a " non-famous " person. In support of this notion, there is considerable data attesting to a processing priority (i.e., memory) in person identification for occupation (essentially reason for fame) over other attributes such as nationality or whether the individual is currently dead or alive (Crutch & Warrington, 2004; Moran et al., 2005). "
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