Health-related quality of life in childhood cerebral palsy.
ABSTRACT To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of a cross-section of children with cerebral palsy (CP) using the Child Health Questionnaire.
Survey of the parents or guardians of children with CP.
Outpatient clinics at a tertiary care children's hospital.
Children (N=177; 98 boys, 79 girls; mean age +/- standard deviation [SD], 8.6+/-4.2y) with CP were enrolled as a convenience sample. Study subjects were stratified by severity of CP using the Gross Motor Function Classification System.
HRQOL scores, as determined by the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50.
Parents reported reduced HRQOL for their children with CP. In the physical function domain, most children scored over 3 SDs below a normative sample, and scores in parental impact domains were at least 1 SD below the normative sample. Psychosocial domains were less impaired. Most of the effects on physical and parent impact domains were greater in children with more severe CP, although they were significant in most strata of severity.
Children with CP have reduced HRQOL and the degree to which it is reduced is related to the severity of their CP.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To report and quantify the health-related quality of life of children who require surgical intervention for chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis and to assess the perspective of the child vs that of the parent. Prospective, observational. Twenty-one of a consecutive sample of 35 children undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for infectious indications completed, along with their parents, the Child Health Questionnaire. The Child Health Questionnaire measures in parallel both child and parent perceptions of health by means of separate parent proxy report (Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50) and child self-report (Child Health Questionnaire-Child Form 87) questionnaires concerning physical and psychosocial functioning. Tabulated scores from both the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50 and Child Health Questionnaire-Child Form 87 were compared with published data from age-matched normative populations and several pediatric chronic disease groups. Significant decrements in the general health of children with chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis compared with a normative sample were observed for both child- and parent-reported data, particularly in the physical domains. Children with rhinosinusitis were perceived by their parents to have significantly more bodily pain (P<.001)and to be more limited in their physical activities (P<.05)than children with asthma, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and other chronic disorders. Parent-child perceptions did vary, with parents reporting more pain and general behavioral effects relative to their children's reports in these areas. The health impact of chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis as reported by the subjective evaluations of pediatric patients and their parents is severe.Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 11/2000; 126(11):1363-8. · 1.78 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study sought to examine the reliability and validity of three generic instruments for measuring the health of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to compare them with a disease-specific measure, the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM). The Pediatric Evaluation and Disability Inventory (PEDI), the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), and the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) were completed by the primary caregivers of 115 young children with spastic CP. The GMFM was administered to the children. The mean age of the sample was 5 years 8 months (range 3:1 to 10:4) and consisted of more males (58%) than females. The PEDI scales demonstrated higher internal consistency than the PODCI and CHQ scales. In comparison with the GMFM, the PODCI transfer and mobility scale (relative validity, 62%) and the PEDI mobility scale (relative validity, 53%) detected the most significant health differences between children with hemiplegia, diplegia, and quadriplegia. The PEDI social function scale detected the largest differences in cognitive function between children with an IQ of less than 70 compared with those with an IQ of 70 or greater. The reliability and validity of these different instruments varied significantly in this patient population.Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 02/2007; 44(7):468 - 476. · 2.68 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to derive and validate a short form parent-completed questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life (HRQL) in pediatric asthma patients. The objectives of this study were to (1) use stepwise analysis to derive a shorter questionnaire from the original long-form questionnaire and (2) determine the tradeoff in precision between the long- and short-form surveys. One hundred eighty-one pediatric asthma patients were enrolled from 4 sites. A parent of each patient completed a general and an asthma-specific questionnaire during routine office visits from June 1995 to January 1997. The questionnaire included the Child Health Questionnaire Parent Form 50, a general HRQL survey, and a 17-item asthma-specific battery assessing daytime symptoms, nighttime symptoms, and functional limitations. All scales were scored from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better HRQL. Analysis of variance models were used to derive short-form scales from the 17-item long-form scales, and the final asthma-specific short-form scale structure was confirmed with use of stepwise regression. Scale reliability was assessed with Cronbach's alpha. Validity of the short-form questionnaire was assessed by comparing mean scale scores according to the level of asthma severity defined by several clinical criteria. Asthma severity was assessed with use of percent predicted FEV(1), frequency and type of symptoms, parent rating of disease severity, physician rating of disease severity, and resource use (emergency department use and hospitalizations). The relative validity of each of the short-form scales was measured by comparing the proportion of variance explained by each of the short-form scales compared with the respective long-form scales. The 17-item asthma-specific battery was reduced to 8 items, the Integrated Therapeutics Group Child Asthma Short Form. The daytime and nighttime symptom scales for each contain 2 items and the functional limitations scale 4 items. Reliability was greater than 0.70 for each of the short-form scales. The absence of ceiling and floor effects indicates each scale's ability to detect changes at both low and high levels of functioning. Lower (poorer) mean HRQL scores for severe cases compared with mild cases, for all disease severity indicators, demonstrated clinical validity. Relative validity estimates, comparing the proportion of explained variance of the short-form scales with that of the long-form scales, ranged from 0. 85 to 1.20, indicating a similar ability to measure change. This study documents the development of a brief, multidimensional, 8-item questionnaire for measuring HRQL in pediatric asthma patients. The brevity of the questionnaire makes it practical for use in practice settings and to monitor patients.Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 03/2000; 105(2 Pt 1):245-51. · 12.05 Impact Factor