Health-related quality of life in childhood cerebral palsy
ABSTRACT To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of a cross-section of children with cerebral palsy (CP) using the Child Health Questionnaire.
Survey of the parents or guardians of children with CP.
Outpatient clinics at a tertiary care children's hospital.
Children (N=177; 98 boys, 79 girls; mean age +/- standard deviation [SD], 8.6+/-4.2y) with CP were enrolled as a convenience sample. Study subjects were stratified by severity of CP using the Gross Motor Function Classification System.
HRQOL scores, as determined by the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form 50.
Parents reported reduced HRQOL for their children with CP. In the physical function domain, most children scored over 3 SDs below a normative sample, and scores in parental impact domains were at least 1 SD below the normative sample. Psychosocial domains were less impaired. Most of the effects on physical and parent impact domains were greater in children with more severe CP, although they were significant in most strata of severity.
Children with CP have reduced HRQOL and the degree to which it is reduced is related to the severity of their CP.
SourceAvailable from: gupea.ub.gu.se
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate a possible correlation between the gross motor function classification system-expanded and revised (GMFCS-E&R), the manual abilities classification system (MACS) and the communication function classification system (CFCS) functional levels in children with cerebral palsy (CP) by CP subtype. It was also geared to verify whether there is a correlation between these classification systems and intellectual functioning (IF) and parental socio-economic status (SES). A total of 87 children (47 males and 40 females, age range 4-18 years, mean age 8.9±4.2) were included in the study. A strong correlation was found between the three classifications: Level V of the GMFCS-E&R corresponds to Level V of the MACS (rs=0.67, p=0.001); the same relationship was found for the CFCS and the MACS (rs=0.73, p<0.001) and for the GMFCS-E&R and the CFCS (rs=0.61, p=0.001). The correlations between the IQ and the global functional disability profile were strong or moderate (GMFCS and IQ: rs=0.66, p=0.001; MACS and IQ: rs=0.58, p=0.001; CFCS and MACS: rs=0.65, p=0.001). The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine if there were differences between the GMFCS-E&R, the CFCS and the MACS by CP type. CP types showed different scores for the IQ level (Chi-square=8.59, df=2, p=0.014), the GMFCS-E&R (Chi-square=36.46, df=2, p<0.001), the CFCS (Chi-square=12.87, df=2, p=0.002), and the MACS Level (Chi-square=13.96, df=2, p<0.001) but no significant differences emerged for the SES (Chi-square=1.19, df=2, p=0.554). This study shows how the three functional classifications (GMFCS-E&R, CFCS and MACS) complement each other to provide a better description of the functional profile of CP. The systematic evaluation of the IQ can provide useful information about a possible future outcome for every functional level. The SES does not appear to affect functional profiles.Research in Developmental Disabilities 07/2014; 35(11):2651-2657. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2014.07.005 · 3.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to translate and transculturally adapt the Caregiver Priorities & Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD) questionnaire into Korean language, and to test the reliability and validity, including the internal consistency, known-group validity and factor analysis of the Korean version of the CPCHILD. Methods: A Korean version of CPCHILD was produced according to internationally accepted guidelines. For validity testing, 194 consecutive parents or caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP) were recruited and completed the questionnaire. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and known-groups validity were evaluated and factor analysis was performed to validate the Korean version of the CPCHILD. Results: In terms of internal consistency, a Cronbach's alpha was above 0.90 in all domains of the CPCHILD (range 0.921 to 0.966), except the 5th domain (0.628). In terms of known-groups validity, the total score of the CPCHILD was significantly different according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level (p < 0.001). Intra-class correlation coefficient spanned from 0.517 to 0.801. Factor analysis showed that the five-factor solution of the CPCHILD explained 76.7% of the variance with 59.0, 6.5, 5.1, 4.2 and 3.2% of variance by each components number. Conclusions: The Korean version of CPCHILD was found to be a reliable and valid questionnaire of caregivers' perspectives on the health-related quality of life in severely affected children with CP. However, the Korean version of CPCHILD contains some redundant items, and factor analysis suggested a five-domain questionnaire. Implication for Rehabilitation The Korean version of CPCHILD is a reliable, internally consistent, valid instrument for assessing the health-related quality of life in severely affected children with CP from the perspective of caregivers. After the transcultural adaptation and validation of the Korean CPCHILD, it can be reliably used in clinical and research settings to evaluate the health-related quality of life in Korean patients with CP.Disability and Rehabilitation 06/2014; DOI:10.3109/09638288.2014.932449 · 1.84 Impact Factor