Article

Association between subject factors and colorectal cancer screening participation in Ontario, Canada

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., Canada.
Cancer Detection and Prevention (Impact Factor: 2.52). 02/2005; 29(3):221-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.cdp.2005.04.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Colorectal cancer screening reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. This population-based study was conducted to evaluate (i) the association between subject factors and colorectal screening participation and (ii) the lifetime prevalence of colorectal screening among the general population of Ontario, Canada. Population-based controls were recruited by the Ontario Familial Colorectal Cancer Registry during 1998-2000. The 1944 persons completed an epidemiologic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were computed and step-wise multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Overall, 23% of persons greater than 50 years of age reported ever having had colorectal cancer screening; 17% reported fecal occult blood test (FOBT), 6% sigmoidoscopy, and 4% colonoscopy. Family history of colorectal cancer, increased age, higher household income, and use of hormone replacement therapy (among women) were all significantly associated with ever having had colorectal cancer screening. The low prevalence of colorectal cancer screening among the target population suggests the need for an increased awareness of the public health importance of colorectal cancer screening.

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    • "Second, it is possible that an adjunctive profiling tool based on genomic information might increase the uptake of existing screening methods. For example, population-based studies have shown that the likelihood of participating in CRC screening is positively associated with having a family history of the disease (Slattery et al. 2000, 2004; Mandelson et al. 2000; Madlensky et al. 2003; Ramji et al. 2005). In a study of patient and physician preferences for various types of tests to detect CRC, both patients and physicians stated that they considered accuracy as the most important feature in deciding on which test they would choose; thus, improved efficacy through an adjunctive test might also lead to higher uptake (Ling et al. 2001). "
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