Monster cells in malignant melanoma
ABSTRACT Cells with significantly enlarged nuclei have been described in basal cell carcinomas, dermatofibromas, and pleomorphic fibromas, to name a few. These cells are typically visible using low power microscopy and have been termed "pleomorphic" or "monster cells." They have not been previously described in cutaneous melanomas. We sought to determine the prevalence of monster cells in otherwise conventional biopsies of primary cutaneous melanomas and its association with other histopathologic features of this malignancy. Ninety-nine superficial spreading melanomas, nodular melanomas, and acral lentiginous melanomas/lentigo malignas were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of monster cells, multinucleated giant cells, ulceration, inflammation, and depth of invasion (Breslow level). Thirteen cases of melanoma containing monster cells were found. A statistically significant association was noted between the presence of these cells, the histologic subtype of nodular melanoma (P = 0.0125), ulceration (P = 0.0127), the depth of invasion (P = 0.0103), and the presence of multinucleated giant cells (P = 0.0016). The finding of monster cells is not an uncommon occurrence and is seen more often in nodular melanomas.
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Article: A Case of Spitzoid Melanoma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Spitzoid melanoma is a subtype of melanoma that, clinically and histologically, resembles a Spitz nevus. Clinically, spitzoid melanomas usually evolve from amelanotic nodular lesions, growing to 1 cm or more in diameter. They often remain clinically undiagnosed because of their wide variety of clinical appearances and a lack of pigmentation. Distinguishing a Spitz nevus from a spitzoid melanoma can be extremely difficult. Features that favor the diagnosis of a spitzoid melanoma are asymmetrical shape, diameter greater than 1 cm, a lesion with a deep invasive component, and a high degree of cytologic atypia. There have been only rare reports in the literature of the presence of giant cells in malignant melanoma, and the presence of these cells may result in its misdiagnosis as a histiocytic tumor. We present a case of spitzoid melanoma on the right ankle of a 22-year-old-woman.Annals of Dermatology 04/2015; 27(2):206-9. DOI:10.5021/ad.2015.27.2.206 · 0.95 Impact Factor
- Annales de Pathologie 09/2007; 27(4):331-332. DOI:10.1016/S0242-6498(07)73913-5 · 0.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 7-year-old female Shih-tzu dog was presented with severe dyspnoea. A large mass was palpated in the left cranial neck. Cytological examination of an aspirate sample revealed cells with marked anisokaryosis, giant elements and many bare nuclei. Scattered intact giant cells showed scant, granular cytoplasm and intranuclear inclusions. Histologically, neoplastic cells were subdivided into lobules by fine collagenous trabeculae. Numerous pleomorphic giant or ‘monster’ cells were observed, showing a highly indented nuclear envelope, intranuclear cytoplasmic pseudoinclusions (ICPs) and ‘ground-glass’ nuclear appearance. Neoplastic emboli were present, but no distant metastases were detected grossly. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells expressed synaptophysin and had variable expression of neuron-specific enolase and vimentin. The cells were negative for pan-cytokeratin, CAM 5.2, glial fibrillary acidic protein and S100. Nuclear abnormalities and cytoplasmic neurosecretory granules were noted ultrastructurally. These features were consistent with a diagnosis of carotid body carcinoma (chemodectoma). Monster cells with ICPs have not been documented previously in canine chemodectoma.Journal of comparative pathology 07/2014; 151(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.03.001 · 1.10 Impact Factor