Cells with significantly enlarged nuclei have been described in basal cell carcinomas, dermatofibromas, and pleomorphic fibromas, to name a few. These cells are typically visible using low power microscopy and have been termed "pleomorphic" or "monster cells." They have not been previously described in cutaneous melanomas. We sought to determine the prevalence of monster cells in otherwise conventional biopsies of primary cutaneous melanomas and its association with other histopathologic features of this malignancy. Ninety-nine superficial spreading melanomas, nodular melanomas, and acral lentiginous melanomas/lentigo malignas were retrospectively evaluated for the presence of monster cells, multinucleated giant cells, ulceration, inflammation, and depth of invasion (Breslow level). Thirteen cases of melanoma containing monster cells were found. A statistically significant association was noted between the presence of these cells, the histologic subtype of nodular melanoma (P = 0.0125), ulceration (P = 0.0127), the depth of invasion (P = 0.0103), and the presence of multinucleated giant cells (P = 0.0016). The finding of monster cells is not an uncommon occurrence and is seen more often in nodular melanomas.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Most mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract belong to the category of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and are characterized by the immunohistochemical expression of KIT receptor. In cases without detectable KIT receptor expression several differential diagnoses have to be taken into consideration. Here, we report a case of a 41-year-old man with a tumor of the small bowel composed of large epithelioid tumor cells arranged in solid and alveolar sheets including scattered osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed strongly S-100 protein, vimentin, and to a lesser extent, bcl-2. HMB-45, melan-A, KIT receptor, desmin, smooth-muscle actin, and CD-34 were not detectable. Ki-67 index was 20%. The diagnosis was established by 2 different FISH strategies demostrating the presence of a t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocation, the diagnostic hallmark of clear cell sarcoma of soft parts. Our results provide further evidence for the existence of a new tumor entity designated gastrointestinal clear cell sarcoma with osteoclast-like giant cells. The diagnosis of this entity should be considered in the presence of S-100-positive tumors of the gastrointestinal tract containing multinucleated giant cells and can be established by FISH analysis.
International Journal of Surgical Pathology 11/2005; 13(4):313-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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