Postactivation Potentiation and its Practical Applicability: A Brief Review

School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (Impact Factor: 2.08). 06/2005; 19(2):453-8. DOI: 10.1519/R-14653.1
Source: PubMed


It has been suggested that postactivation potentiation (PAP) may be manipulated to enhance both acute performance and chronic adaptation. PAP refers to the phenomenon by which acute muscle force output is enhanced as a result of contractile history. Evidence exists regarding the existence of PAP. However, the determination of methods to best manipulate and exploit PAP remains elusive. Studies to date would seem to indicate that the practical applicability of PAP in terms of enhancing athletic performance is limited.

677 Reads
  • Source
    • "Acute enhancement of muscular power has been shown to occur following a bout of heavy resistance exercise. This exercise elicits post-activation potentiation which increases force and power production in excess of what can be achieved without the use of heavy resistance exercise (Bevan et al., 2010; Khamoui et al., 2009; Needham, Morse, & Degens, 2009; Robins, 2005; Till & Cooke, 2009; Weber, Brown, Coburn, & Zinder, 2008; Yetter & Moir, 2008). When utilising this potentiation, time taken to complete a 30 m sprint has been shown to decrease (Bevan et al., 2010; Chatzopolous et al., 2007; Linder et al., 2010). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract This investigation assessed whether prior heavy resistance exercise would improve the repeated sprint performance of 16 trained youth soccer players (Age 17.05 ± 0.65 years; height 182.6 ± 8.9 cm; body mass 77.8 ± 8.2 kg). In session 1, individual 1 repetition max was measured utilising a squat movement. In sessions 2 and 3, participants performed a running-based repeated anaerobic sprint test with and without prior heavy resistance exercise of 91% of their 1 repetition max. Times were recorded for each of the 6 sprints performed in the repeated sprint test and summed to provide total time. T-tests compared the two exercise conditions via differences in corresponding sprint times and total time. Analysis revealed significantly reduced total time with use of heavy resistance exercise (33.48 (±1.27) vs. 33.59 (±1.27); P = 0.01). Sprints 1 (P = 0.05) and 2 (P = 0.02) were also faster in the heavy resistance exercise condition (5.09 (±0.16) vs. 5.11 (±0.16) and 5.36 (±0.24) vs. 5.45 (±0.26) seconds respectively) although no other differences were shown. Findings demonstrate improved sprint times of trained adolescent soccer players after heavy resistance exercise although benefits appear not as sustained as in adult participants.
    Journal of Sports Sciences 01/2015; 33(10):1-7. DOI:10.1080/02640414.2014.979857 · 2.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "[5] "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aims and Scope: Journal of Sports Science, a professional academic journal, covers all sorts of papers related to various aspects of the sport sciences; the Journal aims to promote communication and development across all sub-disciplines of the sport sciences. all the contents of this journal. In accordance with the international convention, no part of this journal may be reproduced or transmitted by any media or publishing organs (including various websites) without the written permission of the copyright holder. Otherwise, any conduct would be considered as the violation of the copyright. The contents of this journal are available for any citation. However, all the citations should be clearly indicated with the title of this journal, serial number and the name of the author.
  • Source
    • "Traditional modalities to improve strength, include resistance training and plyometric exercises with movement patterns as close as possible to specific football skills, aiming to warrant the highest degree of transference between strength gains and soccer technical skills. For this purpose, conditioning coaches often refer to the complex training method, which combines weight lifting of heavy-loads with plyometric exercises, set for set, in the same workout (Robbins, 2005). The rational underlying this method is the theory of a post-activation potentiation of the neuromuscular system, i.e. a phenomenon induced by a voluntary conditioning contraction, typically performed at maximal or near-maximal intensities, that may increase peak force and the rate of force development during subsequent twitch contractions (Tillin and Bishop, 2009). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Authors submitted their contribution of the article to the editorial board. Accepted for printing This study aimed to analyse the short-term performance effects of three in-season low-volume strength-training programmes in college male soccer players. Fifty-seven male college soccer players (age: 20.331.6 years) were randomly assigned to a resistance-training group (n=12), plyometric training group (n=12), complex training group (n=12), or a control group (n=21). In the mid-season, players underwent a 9-week strength-training programme, with two 20 min training sessions per week. Short-term effects on strength, sprint, agility, and vertical jump abilities were measured. All training groups increased 1-RM squat (range, 17.2–24.2%), plantar flexion (29.1–39.6%), and knee extension (0.5– 22.2%) strength compared with the control group (p<0.05). The resistance-training group increased concentric peak torque of the knee extensor muscles by 9.9–13.7%, and changes were greater compared with the control group (p<0.05). The complex training group presented major increments (11.7%) in eccentric peak torque of the knee flexor muscles on the non-dominant limb compared with the control group and plyometric training group (p<0.05). All training groups improved 20-m sprint performance by 4.6–6.2% (p<0.001) compared with the control group. No differences were observed in 5-m sprint and agility performances (p>0.05). Overall, the results suggest that in-season low-volume strength training is adequate for developing strength and speed in soccer players.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 04/2014; 40(1):121-128. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2014-0014 · 1.03 Impact Factor
Show more


677 Reads
Available from