High-level expression of human TFF3 in Escherichia coli
ABSTRACT A strategy for expression and purification of recombinant N-terminal human trefoil factor family-domain peptide 3 (hTFF3) in Escherichia coli was established. The gene of hTFF3 was synthesized to substitute the low-usage condons with corresponding high-usage synonymous condons. At the same time, the signal peptide of DsbC was added to the N-terminus of the hTFF3 gene. The mature recombinant hTFF3 was located in the periplasm of E. coli, which can be released by sonication. The protein was further purified by a two-step cation exchange chromatography mentod. The yield is about 14-15 mg/l of culture. The biological activity of purified hTFF3 was analyzed by cell-based apoptosis assay, which shows that the recombinant hTFF3 is biologically active.
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ABSTRACT: TFF3, a member of the TFF (trefoil factor family) peptides, and epidermal growth factor (EGF) actively support the repair of mucosal barriers, particularly during restitution. The aim of this study was to compare the motogenic effects of TFF3 and EGF. The influence of recombinant human TFF3 (dimeric form) and EGF on the migration of IEC-18 cells was characterized in an in vitro restitution model (scratch wound assay) with the help of time-lapse video microscopy, morphometry, and immunocytochemistry including confocal laser scanning microscopy. TFF3- and EGF-treated cells re-populated the wounded area via different migration patterns; TFF3 treatment resulted in the formation of continuous sheets of migrating cells with only a few gaps. In contrast, EGF-treated cells formed a network of migrating cells (often with a fibroblast-like morphology) with numerous gaps and only punctual contacts. TFF3 and EGF treatment also changed the localization of E-cadherin indicating endocytotic recycling and/or degradation of E-cadherin. TFF3, in contrast to EGF, enhanced a collective cell migration ensuring a precise coverage of the re-populated area avoiding gaps.Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 02/2007; 20(5):329-46. DOI:10.1159/000107519 · 3.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Antibody phage display is a powerful biomolecular selection technology now routinely used for refining antibody diversity towards analytes of both therapeutic and diagnostic interest. Post selection, automated robotic systems can be utilised to pick, express and analyse large numbers of putative analyte-specific clones allowing the parallel screening of thousands of antibodies in less time. Most screening techniques involve a spatial addressing process whereby the selected antibodies are extracted from the cells and analysed to verify specificity. Using a simple 'on-plate' growth and screening approach, we show that antibody-expressing clones can be simultaneously cultured and analysed rapidly in antigen-coated ELISA plate wells yielding high binding signals and saving valuable selection time, while also eliminating the necessity for antibody extraction. The utilisation of the 'on-plate' technique for the screening of Fab and scFv antibodies, and a comparative analysis with commonly used antibody extraction processes, are described.Journal of immunological methods 07/2010; 359(1-2):61-4. DOI:10.1016/j.jim.2010.05.004 · 2.35 Impact Factor