Enhancing of measles virus infection by magnetofection.
ABSTRACT Magnetofection is a viral and non-viral gene delivery method using polyethyleneimine-conjugated super-paramagnetic nanoparticle under a magnetic field. Previous studies have indicated that magnetofection enhanced the infection of adenoviruses and retroviruses. It is shown that magnetofection enhances the infection of measles virus, a paramyxovirus. When cells expressing a measles virus receptor human SLAM were infected with a measles virus that encodes green fluorescent protein gene, magnetofection enhanced measles virus infection by 30- to 70-fold. The infection of SLAM-negative cells with measles virus was also enhanced by magnetofection, but to a lesser extent. These results indicate that magnetofection could be useful for isolation of measles virus from clinical specimens.
Article: Simple, efficient, and reproducible gene transfection of mouse embryonic stem cells by magnetofection.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Embryonic stem (ES) cells are recognized as an excellent cell culture model for studying developmental mechanisms and their therapeutic modulations. The aim of this work was to define whether using magnetofection was an efficient way to manipulate stem cells genetically without adversely affecting their proliferation or self-renewal capacity. We compared our magnetofection results to those of a conservative method using FuGENE 6. Using enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) as a reporter gene in D3 mouse ES (mES) cells, we found that magnetofection gave a significantly higher efficiency (45%) of gene delivery in stem cells than did the FuGENE 6 method (15%), whereas both demonstrated efficient transfection in NIH-3T3 cells (60%). Although the transfected D3 (D3-eGFP) mES cells had undergone a large number of passages (>50), a high percentage of cells retained ES markers such as Oct-4 and stage-specific embryonic antigen-1 (SSEA-1). They also retained the ability to form embryoid bodies and differentiated in vitro into cells of the three germ layers. eGFP expression was sustained during stem cell proliferation and differentiation. This is the first transfection report using magnetofection in ES cells. On the basis of our results, we conclude that magnetofection is an efficient and reliable method for the introduction of foreign DNA into mouse ES cells and may become the method of choice.Stem Cells and Development 02/2008; 17(1):133-41. · 4.46 Impact Factor
Article: Enhancement of the efficiency of non-viral gene delivery by application of pulsed magnetic field.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: New approaches to increase the efficiency of non-viral gene delivery are still required. Here we report a simple approach that enhances gene delivery using permanent and pulsating magnetic fields. DNA plasmids and novel DNA fragments (PCR products) containing sequence encoding for green fluorescent protein were coupled to polyethylenimine coated superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPIONs). The complexes were added to cells that were subsequently exposed to permanent and pulsating magnetic fields. Presence of these magnetic fields significantly increased the transfection efficiency 40 times more than in cells not exposed to the magnetic field. The transfection efficiency was highest when the nanoparticles were sedimented on the permanent magnet before the application of the pulsating field, both for small (50 nm) and large (200-250 nm) nanoparticles. The highly efficient gene transfer already within 5 min shows that this technique is a powerful tool for future in vivo studies, where rapid gene delivery is required before systemic clearance or filtration of the gene vectors occurs.Nucleic Acids Research 02/2006; 34(5):e40. · 8.03 Impact Factor