Heat stress induces an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes to photosystem II but not to photosystem I in a cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis

Key Laboratory of Photosynthesis and Environmental Molecular Physiology, Photosynthesis Research Center, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China.
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.35). 05/2005; 43(4):389-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2005.03.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The effects of high temperature (30-52.5 degrees C) on excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes (PBS) to photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) in a cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis grown at 30 degrees C were studied by measuring 77 K chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence emission spectra. Heat stress had a significant effect on 77 K Chl fluorescence emission spectra excited either at 436 or 580 nm. In order to reveal what parts of the photosynthetic apparatus were responsible for the changes in the related Chl fluorescence emission peaks, we fitted the emission spectra by Gaussian components according to the assignments of emission bands to different components of the photosynthetic apparatus. The 643 and 664 nm emissions originate from C-phycocyanin (CPC) and allophycocyanin (APC), respectively. The 685 and 695 nm emissions originate mainly from the core antenna complexes of PSII, CP43 and CP47, respectively. The 725 and 751 nm band is most effectively produced by PSI. There was no significant change in F725 and F751 during heat stress, suggesting that heat stress had no effects on excitation energy transfer from PBS to PSI. On the other hand, heat stress induced an increase in the ratio of Chl fluorescence yield of PBS to PSII, indicating that heat stress inhibits excitation energy transfer from PBS to PSII. However, this inhibition was not associated with an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from CPC to APC since no significant changes in F643 occurred at high temperatures. A dramatic enhancement of F664 occurring at 52.5 degrees C indicates that excitation energy transfer from APC to the PSII core complexes is suppressed at this temperature, possibly due to the structural changes within the PBS core but not to a detachment of PBS from PSII, resulting in an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from APC to PSII core complexes (CP47 + CP43). A decrease in F685 and F695 in heat-stressed cells with excitation at 436 nm seems to suggest that heat stress did not inhibit excitation energy transfer from the Chl a binding proteins CP47 and CP43 to the PSII reaction center and the decreased Chl fluorescence yields from CP43 and CP47 could be explained by the inhibition of the energy transfer from APC to PSII core complexes (CP47 + CP43).

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