Heat stress induces an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes to photosystem II but not to photosystem I in a cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis.
ABSTRACT The effects of high temperature (30-52.5 degrees C) on excitation energy transfer from phycobilisomes (PBS) to photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII) in a cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis grown at 30 degrees C were studied by measuring 77 K chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence emission spectra. Heat stress had a significant effect on 77 K Chl fluorescence emission spectra excited either at 436 or 580 nm. In order to reveal what parts of the photosynthetic apparatus were responsible for the changes in the related Chl fluorescence emission peaks, we fitted the emission spectra by Gaussian components according to the assignments of emission bands to different components of the photosynthetic apparatus. The 643 and 664 nm emissions originate from C-phycocyanin (CPC) and allophycocyanin (APC), respectively. The 685 and 695 nm emissions originate mainly from the core antenna complexes of PSII, CP43 and CP47, respectively. The 725 and 751 nm band is most effectively produced by PSI. There was no significant change in F725 and F751 during heat stress, suggesting that heat stress had no effects on excitation energy transfer from PBS to PSI. On the other hand, heat stress induced an increase in the ratio of Chl fluorescence yield of PBS to PSII, indicating that heat stress inhibits excitation energy transfer from PBS to PSII. However, this inhibition was not associated with an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from CPC to APC since no significant changes in F643 occurred at high temperatures. A dramatic enhancement of F664 occurring at 52.5 degrees C indicates that excitation energy transfer from APC to the PSII core complexes is suppressed at this temperature, possibly due to the structural changes within the PBS core but not to a detachment of PBS from PSII, resulting in an inhibition of excitation energy transfer from APC to PSII core complexes (CP47 + CP43). A decrease in F685 and F695 in heat-stressed cells with excitation at 436 nm seems to suggest that heat stress did not inhibit excitation energy transfer from the Chl a binding proteins CP47 and CP43 to the PSII reaction center and the decreased Chl fluorescence yields from CP43 and CP47 could be explained by the inhibition of the energy transfer from APC to PSII core complexes (CP47 + CP43).
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ABSTRACT: Exposure of cyanobacterial or red algal cells to high light has been proposed to lead to excitonic decoupling of the phycobilisome antennae (PBSs) from the reaction centers. Here we show that excitonic decoupling of PBSs of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 is induced by strong light at wavelengths that excite either phycobilin or chlorophyll pigments. We further show that decoupling is generally followed by disassembly of the antenna complexes and/or their detachment from the thylakoid membrane. Based on a previously proposed mechanism, we suggest that local heat transients generated in the PBSs by non-radiative energy dissipation lead to alterations in thermo-labile elements, likely in certain rod and core linker polypeptides. These alterations disrupt the transfer of excitation energy within and from the PBSs and destabilize the antenna complexes and/or promote their dissociation from the reaction centers and from the thylakoid membranes. Possible implications of the aforementioned alterations to adaptation of cyanobacteria to light and other environmental stresses are discussed.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 11/2011; 1817(2):319-27. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Low and high temperatures are known as most important factors influencing plant performance and distribution. Plants of Lantana camara L. coming from two distinct geographical populations (Iberian Peninsula and Galápagos Islands) were cultivated in a common garden experiment, and their leaves were subjected to thermal treatments (from +20.0 to −7.5°C during the winter and from +20.0 to +50.0°C during the summer) in a programmable water bath in darkness. Their photosynthetic performance and their recovery capacity after the thermal treatment were evaluated by measuring chlorophyll fluorescence, net photosynthesis rate, and leaf necrosis. In general, L. camara photosynthetic apparatus showed a wide range of temperature tolerance in darkness, showing optimal functioning of its photosystem II just after exposure to temperatures between −2.5 and +35.0°C for the Iberian population and between +10.0 and +25.0°C for the Galápagos population. Just after exposure to low and high temperatures, gradual cold and heat-induced photoinhibition was recorded for both populations. After 24 h, leaves of L. camara demonstrated a great recovery capacity from −2.5 to +42.5°C. However, leaves of the treatments from −5.0°C down and +47.50°C up showed permanent damages to the photosynthetic apparatus and to the leaf tissues. Slight interpopulation differences were found only at extreme temperatures.Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 60(3). · 0.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Turions of Potamogeton crispus were planted in several turbid waters. Some parameters of growth, reproduction and chlorophyll fluorescence were measured. The results were as follows: (1) Sprouting rates in all groups reached to 100.0% on the 17th day. (2) The parameters of the growth (stem and leaf) and chlorophyll fluorescence (ΦPSII, qP and qN) in 120 and 150NTU waters were inhibited heavily 60 days later, and their survival time was only 140 days. However, the plants in 30 to 90NTU waters could grow near water surface, their survival time was about 190 days. (3) After 150 days, the saturating irradiance intensity and rETRmax of the leaves in 30 to 90NTU waters markedly decreased with an increase in the amount of attached silts, and the number and fresh mass of turions (propagula) in 60 and 90NTU waters were significantly lower than the control. In summary, P. crispus in 0.7-metre-deep turbid water with suspended silts (not more than 90NTU) could sprout and grow normally, and produce the turions.Russian Journal of Ecology 43(2). · 0.24 Impact Factor