Article

[Social representations on HIV/AIDS among adolescentes: implications for nursing care].

Faculdade de Enfermagem Bezerra de Araújo.
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P (Impact Factor: 0.5). 04/2005; 39(1):68-76. DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342005000100009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT With the objective of discussing the implications of the social representations of HIV/AIDS for the interpersonal relations and the practices for protection among adolescents, 15 semidirective interviews were carried out with adolescents, both with and without HIV, assisted at a Hospital School in Rio de Janeiro. The software ALCESTE 4.5 was used for the data analysis. It was observed that the social representation of AIDS is structured around cognitions connected to prevention, revealing a contradiction between the knowledge and the practices reported by the group. It is suggested that the nursing practices should be directed towards the reduction of the distance between practices, representations and scientific knowledge.

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    ABSTRACT: Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Psicologia, 2009. Esta pesquisa teve como objeto de estudo as pessoas infectadas com o vírus HIV/aids em suas relações sociais, enfocando as Representações Sociais (RS) como elementos de ancoragem do preconceito. Os objetivos desta pesquisa foram: examinar a natureza do preconceito e os elementos das RS que o ancoram, bem como sua manifestação nas relações grupais, e identificar a existência de preconceito quanto à forma de infecção. Realizaram-se dois estudos empíricos. No primeiro, para acessar as RS de 169 universitários do Distrito Federal acerca dos portadores do vírus, foi aplicado questionário com perguntas sobre meios de informação, de evocação e escala de distância social. No segundo, para acessar as práticas sociais entre nove vizinhos e os quatro dirigentes das casas de apoio ao portador do DF, utilizou-se entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Os dados foram analisados por procedimentos estatísticos, pelos programas EVOC e ALCESTE. Encontraram-se evidências da mediação das RS na relação intergrupal sorodiscordantes, cujos elementos estão relacionados com as thematas puro-impuro, assimetria entre maioria e minoria, e proibição de contato, conotando o preconceito em relação às formas de infecção e que ancora práticas discriminatórias. ________________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACT This research had as its object of study HIV positive people in their social relations, focusing on Social Representations (SR) as elements of the anchoring bias. The objectives of this research were to examine the nature of prejudice and the elements of the anchor SR and its manifestation in group relationships, and identify the existence of prejudice as to the course of infection. There were two studies. The first to access SR of 169 students in the Federal District about the HIV positive people, we applied a questionnaire with questions about the media, of evocation and social distance scale. The second to access the social practices of nine neighbors and the four leaders of recuperation houses in the Federal District, we used semi-structured interviews. The data were analyzed by statistical procedures, EVOC and ALCESTE softwares. We found evidence of mediation of SR in intergroup relation, whose elements are related to thematas pure-impure, asymmetry between majority and minority, and prohibiting contact, connoting the prejudice against the forms of infection and anchoring discriminatory practices.
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    Acta Paulista de Enfermagem 01/2006; 19(4). DOI:10.1590/S0103-21002006000400007 · 0.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article discusses one of the emergent themes of a qualitative research carried out with female adolescents in the neighborhood of Acaba Mundo, in the city of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, and aims at understanding their social representations on sexual initiation concerning gender. The data was collected in four workshops and analyzed on the basis of the social represen- tation theory by means of the discourse analysis technique. Two empirical categories and their consequences emerged from the discourse: leaving childhood behind and fear of pregnancy. The understanding of the social repre- sentations and of the gender relationships made the values, ideas and practices of the adoles- cents and their family clear. It also made clear that those values, ideas and practices were in frequent transformation in the social field.

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