Temporal and spatial expression of ostreolysin during development of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus).
ABSTRACT In the mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Agrocybe aegerita, expression of the hemolytic proteins ostreolysin and aegerolysin, which belong to the aegerolysin family, has been shown to be initiated specifically during formation of primordia and fruiting bodies. We used rabbit anti-ostreolysin and fluorescent rhodamine-labelled secondary goat antibodies for monitoring ostreolysin and aegerolysin in situ during the mushrooms' development. In parallel, the protein level in developing tissues was monitored with SDS-PAGE and hemolytic assay. Immunolocalization of ostreolysin, visualized by epifluorescence, together with biochemical tests, confirmed specific expression of ostreolysin and aegerolysin in the primordia and fruiting bodies but not in the vegetative mycelia. In the primordia, the proteins were disposed diffusely. In growing and mature fruit bodies they persisted in the lower part of the pileus, in particular in basidia and basidiospores, while in other parts only a few focal remains were observed. Confocal microscopy of immunolabelled sections showed that intracellular ostreolysin was located specifically along the inner edges of hyphae. Since both proteins were found preferentially in the rapidly growing primordia, and in the basidia and basidiospores of maturing fruit bodies, it is suggested that they might play a role in the processes of fructification and/or sporulation.
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ABSTRACT: Neurospora crassa is a central organism in the history of twentieth-century genetics, biochemistry and molecular biology. Here, we report a high-quality draft sequence of the N. crassa genome. The approximately 40-megabase genome encodes about 10,000 protein-coding genes--more than twice as many as in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and only about 25% fewer than in the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. Analysis of the gene set yields insights into unexpected aspects of Neurospora biology including the identification of genes potentially associated with red light photobiology, genes implicated in secondary metabolism, and important differences in Ca2+ signalling as compared with plants and animals. Neurospora possesses the widest array of genome defence mechanisms known for any eukaryotic organism, including a process unique to fungi called repeat-induced point mutation (RIP). Genome analysis suggests that RIP has had a profound impact on genome evolution, greatly slowing the creation of new genes through genomic duplication and resulting in a genome with an unusually low proportion of closely related genes.Nature 05/2003; 422(6934):859-68. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Three proteins with characteristic features of class I hydrophobins, designated POH1, POH2 and POH3, were isolated from the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus. Based on N-terminal sequence analyses, their cDNAs were isolated using RT-PCR; the cDNAs and corresponding genes were sequenced and their regulation studied. POH1 is expressed in the fruiting bodies but not in vegetative mycelium. The regulation of POH2 and POH3 is tightly correlated. Both genes are switched off in the fruiting bodies but abundantly expressed in the vegetative mycelium of both monokaryon and dikaryon. POH2 and POH3 were isolated from the culture medium and from aerial hyphae. Co-purified POH2 and POH3 assembled in vitro into a protein membrane with a typical rodlet pattern as found previously with other hydrophobins. Similar structures were detected on the surface of aerial hyphae.Microbiology 12/1998; 144 ( Pt 11):2961-9. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Novel hemolytic proteins, ostreolysin and aegerolysin, were purified from the fruiting bodies of the edible mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus and Agrocybe aegerita. Both ostreolysin and aegerolysin have a molecular weight of about 16 kDa, have low isoelectric points of 5.0 and 4.85, are thermolabile, and hemolytic to bovine erythrocytes at nanomolar concentrations. Their activity is impaired by micromolar Hg(2+) but not by membrane lipids and serum low-density lipoproteins (LDL). The sequence of respectively 50 and 10 N-terminal amino acid residues of ostreolysin and aegerolysin has been determined and found to be highly identical with a cDNA-derived amino acid sequence of putative Aa-Pri1 protein from the mushroom A. aegerita, Asp-hemolysin from Aspergillus fumigatus, and two bacterial hemolysin-like proteins expressed during sporulation. We found that ostreolysin is expressed during formation of primordia and fruiting bodies, which is in accord with previous finding that the Aa-Pri1 gene is specifically expressed during fruiting initiation. It is suggestive that the isolated hemolysins play an important role in initial phase of fungal fruiting.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2002; 1570(3):153-9. · 4.66 Impact Factor