RASA1: variable phenotype with capillary and arteriovenous malformations.

Laboratory of Human Molecular Genetics, Christian de Duve Institute of Cellular Pathology and University of Louvain Medical School, Brussels, Belgium.
Current Opinion in Genetics & Development (Impact Factor: 8.57). 07/2005; 15(3):265-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.gde.2005.03.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CM-AVM) is a newly discovered hereditary disorder. Its defining features are atypical cutaneous multifocal capillary malformations often in association with high-flow lesions: cutaneous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intraosseous and cerebral arteriovenous malformations and arteriovenous fistulas. Some patients have Parkes Weber syndrome - a large congenital cutaneous vascular stain in an extremity, with bony and soft tissue hypertrophy and microscopic arteriovenous shunting. In the past, arteriovenous malformations and arteriovenous fistulas had been considered non-hereditary. A classical genetic approach was used to identify the locus. Candidate gene screening pinpointed mutations in RASA1 (p120-RASGAP) - a RasGTPase. RASA1 reverts active GTP-bound Ras into inactive GDP-bound form. Murine Rasa1 knockout and tetraploid-aggregated embryos with RNA interference exhibited abnormal vascular development. Lack of RASA1 activity caused inhibition of cell motility, possibly through p190-RhoGAP. Thus, RASA1 defects probably cause abnormal angiogenic remodeling of the primary capillary plexus that cannot be compensated for by other RasGAPs: RASA2, RASAL and NF1. Signaling pathways involving RASA1 might offer novel targets for treatment of high-flow vascular anomalies.

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Available from: Miikka Vikkula, May 30, 2014
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