Beliefs and attitudes regarding smoking among young adult Latinos: A pilot study
ABSTRACT Tobacco use interventions for young adult Latinos have not yet been developed. This qualitative pilot study employed semistructured interviews to assess beliefs and attitudes regarding tobacco use interventions among young adult Latinos.
The size of the individual or group interviews ranged from one to four participants each. Participants were 19 Latino adults (37% female), 18-24 years of age. The interviews were videotaped and transcribed for analysis of common themes.
Use of tobacco in Latino cultures is most common among men, and most prevalent in social situations. Tobacco use is discouraged by and often hidden from elder family members. Participants acknowledged adverse health effects of tobacco use. Barriers to preventing and stopping tobacco use are its acceptance among peers and its use during social situations. Although some Latinos would like to quit, cultural barriers included lack of knowledge, unwillingness to ask for help, and perceived deficiency of Spanish language resources regarding tobacco dependence interventions. Participants lacked understanding of how research might benefit their cultural community.
Cultural attitudes toward tobacco and perceived barriers to quitting will be useful in developing tobacco use interventions for Latinos.
- SourceAvailable from: Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula
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- "In a study of Korean Americans, Kim et al. (2005) found, as we did, that former smokers reported avoiding smoking cues and going cold turkey more so than did current smokers who had attempted to quit. Similar smoking cessation barriers were found among Latinos (Foraker et al., 2005), Korean Americans (Kim et al., 2005), African Americans (Okuyemi, Scheibmeir, Butler, & Ahluwalia, 2003), and Native Americans (Burgess et al., 2007 "
ABSTRACT: We examined the perceived supports and barriers and the smoking cessation strategies used by Native Hawaiian former and current smokers for the purpose of developing a culturally informed smoking cessation program. Ten focus groups with a total of 52 Native Hawaiian men and women were convened in a rural community in Hawai'i. Thematic analysis of focus group transcriptions resulted in the identification of 11 strategies and 23 supports for and 13 barriers to smoking cessation that were categorized into social, psychological, physical, political, economic, behavioral, and spiritual factors. Native Hawaiian former smokers (compared with current smokers who had tried to quit) found social, psychological, and physical factors helpful in supporting smoking cessation and remaining smoke free. They also reported having used more behavioral and religious/spiritual strategies to quit smoking compared with current smokers. The stories of former smokers also spoke to the importance of family and their religion/spirituality in quitting. Consistent with the findings from other studies, multiple factors were implicated in smoking behavior, suggesting that a multicomponent strategy may be beneficial for addressing the social, psychological, and physical factors related to smoking that we observed in our sample of Native Hawaiians. We also recognize that religion/spirituality is an integral part of Native Hawaiian culture and that church-based support of smoking cessation may help those Native Hawaiians for whom religion/spirituality is an important source of inspiration and guidance.Nicotine & Tobacco Research 05/2008; 10(4):671-81. · 2.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tobacco smoking remains the most common preventable cause of death and disability in the United States. Although greatly decreased since the 1960s, the prevalence of smoking among women continues to be problematic because of the absolute prevalence and the continued increase in illnesses that take a long time to manifest (eg, lung cancer) in former smokers. Although no consensus exists, a number of research studies, meta-analyses, and reviews have concluded that quitting smoking appears to be more difficult for women than men. For example, in studies of medications to aid smoking cessation, women tend to have less success than men in maintaining longer-term cessation. Research has identified barriers and facilitators of smoking cessation specific to women and special populations of women (eg, minorities, pregnant women). There is a continued need for additional attention to the process of quitting smoking for women.Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 05/2009; 3(3):205-210. DOI:10.1007/s12170-009-0032-9