Lsm proteins and RNA processing.

Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell Biology, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JR, U.K.
Biochemical Society Transactions (Impact Factor: 3.24). 07/2005; 33(Pt 3):433-8. DOI: 10.1042/BST0330433
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sm and Lsm proteins are ubiquitous in eukaryotes and form complexes that interact with RNAs involved in almost every cellular process. My laboratory has studied the Lsm proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, identifying in the nucleus and cytoplasm distinct complexes that affect pre-mRNA splicing and degradation, small nucleolar RNA, tRNA processing, rRNA processing and mRNA degradation. These activities suggest RNA chaperone-like roles for Lsm proteins, affecting RNA-RNA and/or RNA-protein interactions. This article reviews the properties of the Sm and Lsm proteins and structurally and functionally related proteins in archaea and eubacteria.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sm-like proteins are highly conserved proteins that form the core of the U6 ribonucleoprotein and function in several mRNA metabolism processes, including pre-mRNA splicing. Despite their wide occurrence in all eukaryotes, little is known about the roles of Sm-like proteins in the regulation of splicing. Here, through comprehensive transcriptome analyses, we demonstrate that depletion of the Arabidopsis supersensitive to abscisic acid and drought 1 gene (SAD1), which encodes Sm-like protein 5 (LSm5), promotes an inaccurate selection of splice sites that leads to a genome-wide increase in alternative splicing. In contrast, overexpression of SAD1 strengthens the precision of splice-site recognition and globally inhibits alternative splicing. Further, SAD1 modulates the splicing of stress-responsive genes, particularly under salt-stress conditions. Finally, we find that overexpression of SAD1 in Arabidopsis improves salt tolerance in transgenic plants, which correlates with an increase in splicing accuracy and efficiency for stress-responsive genes. We conclude that SAD1 dynamically controls splicing efficiency and splice-site recognition in Arabidopsis, and propose that this may contribute to SAD1-mediated stress tolerance through the metabolism of transcripts expressed from stress-responsive genes. Our study not only provides novel insights into the function of Sm-like proteins in splicing, but also uncovers new means to improve splicing efficiency and to enhance stress tolerance in a higher eukaryote.
    Genome biology 01/2014; 15(1):R1. · 10.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are effectors and regulators of posttranscriptional gene regulation (PTGR). RBPs regulate stability, maturation, and turnover of all RNAs, often binding thousands of targets at many sites. The importance of RBPs is underscored by their dysregulation or mutations causing a variety of developmental and neurological diseases. This chapter globally discusses human RBPs and provides a brief introduction to their identification and RNA targets. We review RBPs based on common structural RNA-binding domains, study their evolutionary conservation and expression, and summarize disease associations of different RBP classes.
    Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 01/2014; 825:1-55. · 2.01 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sm proteins are a group of ubiquitous ring-shaped oligomers that function in multiple aspects of RNA metabolism. However, until this study, no comprehensive study incorporating phylogeny, chromosomal location, gene organization, adaptive evolution, expression profiling and functional networks has been reported for rice and maize. In this study, twenty-five and thirty-three Sm genes have been identified in rice and maize, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses identified eighteen gene groups. Results by gene locations indicated that segmental duplication contributes to the expansion of this gene family in rice and maize. Gene organization and motif compositions of the Sm members are highly conserved in each group, indicative of their functional conservation. Expression profiles have provided insights into the possible functional divergence among members of the Sm gene family. Adaptive evolution analyses suggested that purifying selection was the main force driving Sm evolution, but some critical sites might be responsible for functional divergence. In addition, four hundred and seventy-nine interactions were identified by functional network analyses, and most of which were associated with binding, cellular macromolecule biosynthesis, pre-mRNA processing and transferase activity. Overall, the data contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of Sm gene family in rice and maize and will provide a solid foundation for future functional studies.
    Gene 02/2014; · 2.20 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 19, 2014